Bedard Geneaology

“Welcome to my Bedard (Beda) genealogy page.

My name is Maurice Bedard and the research below is a culmination of two years of intense internet study, book worming, meditation, and communications with my ancestors that have resulted in the ancestral discoveries that I have made in such a short period of time. The connections that are made have never been made in history. Please let me explain these facts. When our family had entered union with our old Celtic Church into the newly formed the Unified Roman Catholic Church (starting mainly with Saint Beda) that our family records, true history and legal rites have been hidden, lost or simply stolen from the Beda’s. What cannot be stolen is our DNA and the fact of immortality. With my recent DNA tests and Gnosis via blood rite, I can safely claim that Saint Beda was a Celtic Druid from the Kingdom of Lyndsey who descended from the Samaritan Cohanim High Priests from the Tribe of Levi. My research, links, facts and blood born rite solidify the statements made in this article below. Hence, they are me and I am them for we are one.

If you are a Bedard that is reading this for the first time, a researcher or long lost cousin, please contact me here . You can also comment at the end of this article below so we can keep the research going and or if you would like to dispute my findings on my blog. I would love to hear from you.”- Maurice Bedard 11/25/2011

Where Did the Bedard Name Come From?

Quick Notes:

  • The Bedard family originate from the Beda’s who were a family of High Priest Kings originally from the Tribe of Levi (Levites)
  • This tradition is passed down from father to son for thousands of years
  • After Roman occupation, the Levites migrated to Italy where they became the Umbri or Kymry and to Ireland and Britain where they were known as the Druids
  • We Ruled Ireland for 10 centuries as High Priest Kings and Saints
  • We settled in Lyndsey and North-UMBRI-a thus expanding into England in the 7th century
  • The Beda’s Celtic Druid church united with the Catholic church where we were hired hands of Rome as doctors and fathers of the church and also the writers of the New Testament
  • Saint Beda was the ordained Saint John and prophet of the 7th and 8th centuries for our family for the Celtic Churches union with the Roman Church which then became the Catholic (Universal) Church
  • Saint Beda wrote the Apocalypse of St John via the New Testament
  • Saint Beda Started the Bedesmen or the Kings Bedesmen which was the first secret society based on protecting our rites and histories that was carried by Alcuin to Charlemagne Court in France
  • Bedesmen would later be known as the Poor Soldiers Under Christ who wore a Cross and rose jut as the Knights Templar

The ancestors of the Bedards, also known as the Beda’s were the original High Priests of Tribe of Levi who later became Kings, Umbri (Kymry of Italy), The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation: [iː ˈnʲeːl̪ʲ], descendants of Niall) , Celtic Druids, Culdees, Fathers, Doctors and Saints of the Catholic Church. Our family name comes from through a long line of Levites who were later known as the Samaritan Cohanim High Priest Kings that later became Celtic Druid Kings in Ireland and Britain, Druids and Culdees on the Island of Iona, Fathers of the Church, then later, in union with Rome as Doctors and Saints of the Roman Catholic Church while continuing our family tradition under the rose in England and France. A strict family rite  that is passed down from father to son who were ordained by trhe Lord as the High Priests and law makers since Moses which is evident via my recent scientifically certified DNA testing recently by IGENEA which confirmed my YDNA blood type as E1b1b1c M123+. This Haplogroup is known to have originate in Northern Africa where we later settled in Israel, Ireland, Germany, England , France, Canada and the United States.

Our African origins would be associated to our darker skin than our European cousins. A common theme that is verified in history books as writers describe various Beda (Bedard) family members.

Yitzhaq ben Amram ben Shalma ben Tabia, the High Priest of the Samaritans, Nablus, c. 1920.

Saint Bede (Beda)

The first Beda’s in our history books appear in Ireland in the 1st century A.D. as a clan of High Priest Kings, Druids and later Saints. As I mentioned above, our teachings and history are passed down from father to son for this tradition that originated well before we were of the Tribe of Levi. After Roman domination of Israel, our peoples had scattered across the globe and assumed various names and garbs to suits their lands. One would be that of the Druids who can be traced to the same areas that my family had once resided from the Kymry in Italy to the Druids on Island of Iona and also to Britain. One major settlement shortly thereafter would be in Italy and Ireland where we dominated as High Priests and Kings for many centuries. All the while, never forgetting who we were, where we came from and our blood rites. My recent DNA testing also confirms that besides France being the country with the most E1b1b1c M123+blood type of people who have been tested that was used to check my DNA against, Ireland would be the second country that has the most concentration of this Haplogroup.

Our Levite lineage and history now which is the Bedard’s  in the 21str century and all the way back to the 4th century Beda’s can be traced to the same family.

While the Bedard name is not common even today, in medieval literature you will see different variations of  the frequency of “Beda” in Ireland, England, France and then to New France, Canada in the 17th century. From King Beda of Lyndsey to Saint Beda of Northrumbia to Noel Beda of Paris France. The similarities, family ties, traits and rites cannot be mistaken. The Beda’s are not a clan or tribe, but a family of a long line of Samaritan Cohanim High Priests that later became Celtic Druids in Ireland  and Britain, then Culdees in Iona and later Fathers, Doctors and Saints of the Roman Catholic Church . They were a very powerful spiritual family of priests and priestesses whose relationship to their dependents was a family affair based on secrets and teachings passed down from father to son that continues to this day by the reincarnated and ordained Beda’s who are worthy to be initiated into this brotherhood. Hence, many of us are immortals and are reincarnated regularly on earth to carry out our the great work as I am doing now.

Quick Bedard (Beda) Scientfically Verified Facts and Links:

  • YDNA HAPLOGROUP: E1b1b1c M123+ (verified by IGENEA)
  • ORIGINAL TRIBE: Tribe of Levi
  • OUR SKIN COLOR: White, but with the ability to become very dark due to our North African Origins. A common theme through history in Beda’s is that we are described as dark, black or curly black hair. On a family side note, my skin gets very dark and my hair is curly
  • OLDEST BEDA: Saint Beda (Bede)
  • BEDA’S EXPELLED FROM FRANCE TO CANADA: Issac Beda (who became Issac Bedard)
  • See the Bedard Family Tree

Facts and Spelling variations of the Bedard Name:

  • Bedard derives from the original root name “Beda” : but can be found spelled many different ways
  • Spelling Variations or Extensions of the Name “Beda”: Bedae, Bede, Bedoiah, Beadan, Bedwini, Bedaius, Bedier, etc.
  • Bede, Beade Meaning – In Old English means to pray, persuador or Counselor
  • Towns or Cities: Bedford, Beddingham
  • Famous Beda’s: Saint Beda (Bede – Father, Doctor and Saint of the Catholic Church), Baedan (son of Cairill, king of Ulster), Maelumha son of Baedan of Clan Eogain mic Neill, King Beda of Lyndsey, Noel Beda (Theologan in Paris, France), Pierre Bedard (Canadian Statemen), Eric Bedard (Major League Baseball Player), Irene Bedard (Acress),
  • Famous Cousins: President Barack Obama, Adolph Hitler, Gadaffi, t

Beda Fraternities and or Secret Societies:

  • Druids
  • Culdees
  • Cult of Beda (Bede)
  • Bedesmen (See Bedesmen)
  • Poor Knights of Christ (First knight order of the new church that diverged from the old church via the New Testament and Anglo Saxon Charters. They were not Knights of battle, but of prayer and secret rites) . All other orders are branches from this first verifiable fraternity that originated pre-crusades and well before the Knights Templar, Rosicrucians and Freemasonry. I say this with all due respect, but the truth shall shine the light on this historical fact.)

Besides, The Venerable Beda (AKA Saint Bede) there were three other Beda’s in the Middle Ages:

* King Beda – A name occurring in the pedigree of the kings of Lindisfari, as father to Biscop. See Benedictus Biscop.

* Beda Majob, a priest mentioned by Bede himself as present with St. Cuthbert at his death. His epitaph, written by his pupil Suting, is given by Mabillon, A nalecta (cd. now p. 381). He fixes the date at A.D. 681, Feb. 9; but as Cuthbert died soon after this, in 687, the epitaph must belong to another Bede.

* A Life of Beda junior, who died at Genoa about 833 – A monk contemporary with Charles the Great. Mabillon {Iter Italicum, p. 144), gives an epitaph recorded by Komanus as existing formerly in the Church of St. Pet«r at Koine; and Ware refers to Raphael of Volateria for the story that his tomb was at Genoa. A Life of Beda junior, who died at Genoa about 833, is given in the Ada SS.Boll. April, i, 867873.—Smith, Diet, of Christ. Biog. a.

“Behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.”

“And Aaron shall offer the Levites before the LORD for an offering of the children of Israel, that they may execute the service of the LORD.”

Allegorically, the Levites represent those attached to the Catholic Church – Bede on Ezra and Nehemiah By Saint Bede (the Venerable), Scott DeGregorio

Who am I?(Author of this research)

It wasn’t long ago that my previous life was revealed to me. 37 years of wrong turns down a series of dead end super speed material highways that has led me to the path that I was destine to take along. The pain, prisons and my self made misery were all blessing that I would not change for anything for they have led me to who I am today.For I would never know who I was on the inside if I didn’t live on the outside.

Revelations have recently been made to me that are hard for the common human to comprehend. These communications from started in 2010 while researching my ancestry and in particular when I came upon a Saint that we know as Bede or Beda. It was as if I became two people at the same time. One, a common slave, also know in the U.S. as a “citizen” where I am forced to play this silly game we call our current world and my material master the almighty dollar. The other, a Saint from the 7th and 8th centuries determined to find the truth as my body, as well as my Internet research abilities have served this Saint well. Simply put, there are not many men in the world with my research capabilities or my DNA which virtually allows me to smell the truth, a lie or an impostor at will. This inherent ability to research I now know is embedded in my DNA from various ancestors as well as my soul of who we know as Saint Beda.

Before my test, I had traced by ancestors past Saint Beda to other alleged “Anglo Saxon” Kings, Saints of the Catholic Church and the Druids as well. If one studies Samaritan Cohanim, and early Fathers of the Catholic Church you will come to the conclusion that knowledge, rites and priest hood orders were passed down from father to son and or is a family affair.Hence, it was a blood rite and our Levite blood was preordained to be High Priests and nothing has changed with this tradition. This can be scientifically verified by studying the Samaritan Cohanim who also come from my same Haplogroup.

After Rome’s domination over much of the world, the Samaritan Levite Priests in order to conceal their rites and secrets went out in the world to later become the Celtic Druids in Ireland, Scotland, England and Brittan. Keep in mind that these traditions are passed from father to son for thousands of years. At the time Saint Beda was living first in Kingdom of Lyndsey and then later in Northrumbia, the priest hood at that time would have been that of the Celtic Druids via the Celtic Church for the Roman Church and even their armies could not defeat our families. With my recent DNA tests and Gnosis, I can safely claim that Saint Beda was a Celtic Druid from the Kingdom of Lyndsey who descended from the Samaritan Cohanim High Priest. My research, links, facts and blood born rite solidify the statements made in this article.

Beda High Priests


The Samaritans (Hebrew: שומרונים‎ Shomronim, Arabic: السامريون‎ as-Sāmariyyūn) are an ethnoreligious group of the Levant. Religiously, they are the adherents to Samaritanism, an Abrahamic religion closely related to Judaism. Based on the Samaritan Torah, Samaritans claim their worship is the true religion of the ancient Israelites prior to the Babylonian Exile, preserved by those who remained in the Land of Israel, as opposed to Judaism, which they assert is a related but altered and amended religion brought back by those returning from exile.

Ancestrally, they claim descent from a group of Israelite inhabitants from the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (the two sons of Joseph) as well as some descendants from the priestly tribe of Levi,[3] who have connections to ancient Samaria from the period of their entry into the land of Canaan, while some suggest that it was from the beginning of the Babylonian Exile up to the Samaritan Kingdom of Baba Rabba. The Samaritans, however, derive their name not from this geographical designation, but rather from the Hebrew term Shamerim שַמֶרִים, “Keepers [of the Law]”.[4]

In human genetics, Y HaplogroupE1b1b (E-M215) previously known as E3b (or “haplotype V”[4]) is one of the major paternal lines of humanity, linking from father-to-son back to a common male ancestor. E1b1b1c (E-M123), formerly E3b1c or E3b3, is mostly known for its major sub-clade E1b1b1c1 (E-M34), which dominates this clade.

My DNA Test Proves the Bedards and Beda’s have this same E1b1b1c (E-M123) blood.

The Text Below is From: Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites and Y Chromosomes Traveling South:

The E1b1b1 haplogroup (formerly known as haplogroup E3b1) has been observed in all Jewish groups worldwide. It is considered to be the second most prevalent haplogroup among the Jewish population. According to one major paper it has also been observed in moderate numbers among individuals from Ashkenazi, Sephardic and Samaritan communities having traditions of descending from the tribe of Levi, suggesting that the E1b1b1 Levites may have existed in Israel before the Diaspora of 70 C.E.

The Samaritan community is a small, isolated, and highly endogamous group today numbering some 650 members who have maintained extensive genealogical records for the past 13–15 generations. Since the Samaritans maintain extensive and detailed genealogical records, it is possible to construct accurate pedigrees and specific maternal and paternal lineages. The Samaritan community in the Middle East survives as a distinct religious and cultural sect and constitutes one of the oldest and smallest ethnic minorities in the world. Y-Chromosome studies have shown that the majority of Samaritans belong to haplogroups J1 and J2 while the Samaritan Cohanim belong to haplogroup E1b1b1a, formerly E3b1a.

In 1623-1624 the last member of the High-Priestly family, which claimed descent from Eleazar, the son of Aaron, died. The office was then given to a Levite branch, descended from Uzziel, the son of Kohath. Since that date the priest has called himself “Ha-Kohen Ha-Lewi”, which means the Priest-Levite, instead of “Ha-Kohen Ha-Gadol”, a title which referred to the High-Priest as in previous times. The approximately 650 individuals comprising the total group of present day Samaritans trace their ancestry over a period of more than 2,000 years to the Biblical Israelite tribes of Ephraim, Menashe and Levi. As a religious sect, the Samaritans broke away from the main stream of Judaism around the fifth century B.C..

The biblical tradition of the origin of the Cohen family among the Samaritans is found in 2 Kings 17:27-28 where it indicates that only one Israelite Cohen was sent back from exile in Assyria, circa 722 BC, by the King of Assyria to teach those living in the Northern Kingdom of Israel (Samaria); this suggests a strong association of haplogroup E3b1a with the biblical Cohenim who authored and compiled the biblical text of the Book of Kings. Those non-Israelites relocated to the region around Samaria by the Assyrians in the same period that the Northern Tribes were exiled to Assyria, later appointed other non-Israelite Cohenim from their own people who were performing non-Israelite authorized priestly functions as observed by the biblical, priestly author at the time of the composition of the Book of Second Kings (cf. 2 Kings 17:32-34); this may be an origin for some among the J1 and J2 Cohenim haplotypes observed among Jewish populations today. – * Y Chromosomes of Jewish Priests by Michael F. Hammer, et al.


The goddesses called the Alaisiagae are named on altar-stones from the same fort on Hadrian’s Wall as being parallel with two Germanic goddesses: Celtic ‘Boudihillia’ is equated with Germanic ‘Fimmilena,’ and Celtic ‘Beda’ is equated with Germanic ‘Friagabis.’ These parallel goddesses are taken to be Germanic not only because of clues in the inscriptions and the Germanic mercenaries at the wall at the time, but also because they both have an initial ‘f-,’ a sound not known to have developed in Celtic at this time. Equally, the two goddesses are not known to be Roman. Beda may have been an abbreviation for Ricagumbeda since the two names share similar semantics. Boudihillia and Beda are more likely Celtic names however.
[edit] Archeological setting

The altar-stones of the Alaisiagae were recovered in the Temple of Mars at Housesteads fort, Hadrian’s Wall in England. This roughly circular temple was found on top of Chapel Hill a little to the south of the fort, its walls of undressed stone facing with an earth and rubble infill enclosed an area measuring about 17¼ ft. across; the insubstantial foundations indicate that the superstructure was at least half-timbered. The temple was built in the early-3rd century upon the ruins of a rectangular workshop in the vicus which had been destroyed during the barbarian incursions of AD196. It contained altars dedicated by the commanders and men of all three units known to be stationed at Housesteads to the god Mars Thincsus, the Romanized aspect of a Teutonic god, a common occurrence among the Roman auxiliary units. Various altars have been found at this site dedicated to Mars and/or to the Celto-Germanic goddesses Alaisiagae; named on one altar as Beda and Fimmilena, on another as Boudihillia and Friagabis.
[edit] Etymology

Boudihillia can be derived from the Proto-Celtic *Boud-i-hilija meaning ‘victory’s fullness.’ Beda is derived from the Proto-Celtic *Bed-a meaning ‘burial.’ Alaisiagae is derived from the Proto-

Celtic *Ad-lajsija-agai meaning (in the illative) ‘sending fears,’ plausibly a byword for a notion of “dispatching terrors” (q.v. [1] [2] [3]).

The Alaisiagae are a pair of goddesses, Beda and Boudihillia acting in concert. They represent burial and the righteousness of battle.

The following inscriptions to the Alisiagae were found in the Vercoviciivm fort on Hadrian’s Wall, Housesteads, Northumberland:

DEO MARTI ET DVABVS ALAISIAGIS ET N AVG GER CIVES TVIHANTI CVNEI FRISIORVM VER SER ALEXANDRIANI VOTVM SOLVERVNT LIBENTES M (To the god Mars the two Alaisagae and the divine spirit of the emperor, the German tribesmen from Tuihantis [serving in] the Frisian Formation, true servants of the Alexandrian, willingly and deservedly fulfill their vow) and DEABVS ALAISIAGIS BAVDIHILLIE ET FRIAGABI ET N AVGN HNAVDIFRIDI VSLM (To the Alaisagae goddesses Boudihillia and Friagabis, and to the divine spirit of the Emperor, the numerus of Hnaudifridius willingly and deservedly fulfills its vow) and DEO MARTI THINCSO ET DVABVS ALAISAGIS BEDE ET FIMMILENE ET N AVG GERM CIVES TVIHANTI VSLM (To the god Mars Thincsus and the two Alaisagae, Beda and Fimmilena, and the divine spirit of the emperor, the German tribesmen from Tuihantis willingly and deservedly fulfill their vow). It is interesting that we actually have four goddess names here: Boudihillia and Frigabis and Beda and Fimmilena. It seems that the Celtic goddesses Beda and Boudihillia became syncretized with the Germanic goddesses Frigabis and Fimmilena, respectively. Had an admixture of deities not been used we would never have known the native names of the Alisiagae.

Alaisiagae is probably derived from the proto-Celtic elements *ad- (to) *lai(j)-sija- (sending) *agai (fears) which can be interpreted as ‘Despatching Terrors’ an apposite name for a pair of battle and burial goddesses.


  • Northrumbia derives from UMBRI which is the land of the north Umbri
  • Variations of the spelling: Kymry, Umbria, Umbri, Cimri, Kymry, Cimbri, Gomeridee
  • Umbri or Humbri is now Italy and where the Kimry AKA the Celts, Druids, Etrurians, or Umbri of Italy, the ancestors of the Celts
  • Umbri to have been the earliest people: ” Umbri antiquissimus Italiae populus.w* This is confirmed in … Abbi Pezron observes, that the Umbri must have been settled in Tuscany 1,500 years before the building of Rome
  • Celtic tribe, that of the Kymry (Cimmerii) joined that of the Galls. The new comers, who settled principally in the heart of France
  • These became the mainstock from which sprung the Latins, Samnites, Sabines, Marsi, and other nations, which afterwards formed the Roman Confederacy.

AMONG the mountains of ancient Cumbria stood the baronial mansion de Kymber. Here, for generations, had dwell those bearing this old name, and claiming direct descent from the North Kymry, or the Celtic Britons who settled this portion of England; a race that history traces across’ the German ocean from their home in the North.
Umbri and Cimmerii of Italy were nothing but Cimbri or Cumbri, and Umbria got its name like the river

The literary position of Northumbria at the period would seem to be that which connects it with the evangelising exertions of Celtic missionaries. As already remarked, the ancient British churches, estranged by resentment and racial hatred, had done nothing for the conversion of the barbarous invaders before the mission of Augustine. After, however, the example thus shown them, they appear to have discerned where their duty and their interest lay; and the proximity of Northumbria to the great Celtic sanctuary of Iona and the British kingdom of Cumbria, as well as the survival of a Celtic population in some Northumbrian districts, would naturally indicate it as a sphere for missionary effort.  The same location you will find Beda and later you will find Beda Junior of Genoa making the Italy and Northrumbia connection.

BEDAIUM or BIDAIUM (BaSwto*), a town in Noricum. (PtoL iL 14. § 3; Itin. Ant pp. 236, 257, 258; Tab. Peuting.) Modern geographers identify it with Bambvrg or with Burghausen near the point where the Salzach flows into the Danube (Comp. Orelli, Inscript. No. 1694, where a god Bedaius is mentioned, who was probably worshipped at Bedaium.) [L. S.] – Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography, Volume 1  edited by Sir William Smith

Beda Family in Ireland:

It is in Ireland, our family will break our tradition of marrying inside of our tribe by marrying a Saxon Kings daughter from Britain and thus expanding our lands to Britain.

Peter Berresford Ellis in the book “A Brief History of the Druids” writes:

With the arrival of Christianity, the Druids began to merge totally with the new culture, some even becoming priests of the new religion and continuing as an intellectual class in much the same way as their forefathers had done for over a thousand years previously. We find an interesting reference in a ‘Life of Colmcille’ that, when the Irish missionary arrived on the island of Iona, he encountered two Druids who were bishops and who claimed that they had already planted the Christian faith there. Colmcille did not believe that they had been properly ordained and ordered them to depart, which they did.

Eochu or Eochaid Feidlech (“the enduring”),[1] son of Finn, was, according to medieval Irish legends and historical traditions, a High King of Ireland. He is best known as the father of the legendary queen Medb of Connacht.

According to the 12th century Lebor Gabála Érenn, he took power when he defeated the previous High King, Fachtna Fáthach, in the Battle of Leitir Rúaid.[2] The Middle Irish saga Cath Leitrech Ruibhe tells the story of this battle. While Fachtna Fáthach was away from Tara on a visit to Ulster, Eochu, then king of Connacht, raised an army, had the provincial kings killed and took hostages from Tara. When news reached Fachtna at Emain Macha, he raised an army of Ulstermen and gave battle at Leitir Rúaid in the Corann (modern County Sligo),[3] but was defeated and beheaded by Eochu. Eochaid Sálbuide, the king of Ulster, was also killed. Fergus mac Róich covered the Ulster army’s retreat, and Eochu marched to Tara.[4]

Various Middle Irish tales give him a large family. His wife was Cloithfinn,[5] and they had six daughters, Derbriu, Eile, Mugain, Eithne, Clothru and Medb, and four sons, a set of triplets known as the three findemna, and Conall Anglondach. Derbriu was the lover of Aengus of the Tuatha Dé Danann. Her mother-in-law, Garbdalb, turned six men into pigs for the crime of eating nuts from her grove, and Derbriu protected them for a year until they were killed by Medb.[6] When Conchobar mac Nessa became king of Ulster, Eochu gave four of his daughters, Mugain, Eithne, Clothru and Medb, to him in marriage in compensation for the death of his supposed father, Fachtna Fáthach. Eithne bore him a son, Furbaide, who was born by posthumous caesarian section after Medb drowned her. Clothru, according to one tradition, bore him his eldest son Cormac Cond Longas, although other traditions make him the son of Conchobar by his own mother, Ness. Medb bore Conchobar a son called Amalgad, but later left him, and Eochu set her up as queen of Connacht. Some time after that, Eochu held an assembly at Tara, which both Conchobar and Medb attended. The morning after the assembly, Conchobar followed Medb down to the river Boyne where she had gone to bathe, and raped her. Eochu made war against Conchobar on the Boyne, but was defeated.[3]

The three findemna tried to overthrow their father in the Battle of Druimm Criaich. The night before the battle, their sister Clothru, afraid that they would die without an heir, seduced all three of them, and the future High King Lugaid Riab nDerg, was conceived. The next day they were killed, and their father, seeing their severed heads, swore that no son should directly succeed his father to the High Kingship of Ireland.[7]

He ruled for twelve years, and died of natural causes at Tara, succeeded by his brother Eochu Airem. The Lebor Gabála synchronises his reign with the dictatorship of Julius Caesar (48-44 BC).[2] The chronology of Geoffrey Keating‘s Foras Feasa ar Éireann dates his reign to 94-82 BC,[8] that of the Annals of the Four Masters to 143-131 BC.[9]

Lugaid Riab nDerg (“the red-striped”) or Réoderg (“Red Sky”), son of the three findemna, triplet sons of Eochu Feidlech, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland.

He had ruled for twenty, twenty-five or twenty-six years. The Lebor Gabála synchronises his reign with that of the Roman emperor Claudius (AD 41-54). The chronology of Geoffrey Keating‘s Foras Feasa ar Éireann dates his reign to 33-13 BC,[13] that of the Annals of the Four Masters to 33-9 BC.

He was conceived of incest. The night before the three findemna, Bres, Nár and Lothar, made war for the High Kingship against their father in the Battle of Druimm Criaich, their sister Clothru, concerned that her brothers could die without heirs, seduced all three of them, and a son, Lugaid, was conceived.[1] His epithet came from two red stripes around his neck and waist, dividing him into three: above the neck he resembled Nár; from the neck to the waist he resembled Bres; and from the waist down he resembled Lothar.[2] Incest features further in Lugaid’s story: he slept with Clothru himself, conceiving Crimthann Nia Náir.[3]

His wife was Derbforgaill, a daughter of the king of Lochlann (Scandinavia), who had fallen in love with Cúchulainn from afar and come to Ireland with a handmaiden in the form of a pair of swans, linked by a golden chain, to seek him out. Cúchulainn and Lugaid were at Loch Cuan (Strangford Lough) and saw them fly past. Cúchulainn, at Lugaid’s urging, shot a slingstone which hit Derbforgaill, penetrating her womb, and the two women fell on the beach in human form. Cúchulainn saved Derbforgaill’s life by sucking the stone from her side, and she declared her love for him, but because he had sucked her side he could not marry her – evidently he had violated some geis or taboo. Instead he gave her to Lugaid. They married, and she bore him children.

Crimthann Nia Náir (nephew of Nár), son of Lugaid Riab nDerg, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. Lugaid is said to have fathered him on his own mother, Clothru, daughter of Eochu Feidlech.[1]

The Lebor Gabála Érenn says he overthrew the High King Conchobar Abradruad, but does not say he became High King himself – Conchobar was succeeded by Cairbre Cinnchait.[2] Geoffrey Keating[3] and the Annals of the Four Masters[4] agree that Crimthann succeeded Conchobar as High King and ruled for sixteen years. He is said to have gone on a voyage with his aunt Nár, a fairy woman, for a month and a fortnight, and returned with treasures including a gilded chariot, a golden fidchell board, a gold-embroidered cloak, a sword inlaid with gold serpents, a silver-embossed shield, a spear and a sling which never missed their mark, and two greyhounds with a silver chain between them. Soon after he returned he fell from his horse and died at Howth. Keating says he was succeeded by his son Feradach Finnfechtnach, the Annals of the Four Masters by Cairbre Cinnchait.

The Lebor Gabála places him in the reign of the Roman emperor Vespasian (AD 69-79). The chronology of Keating’s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to 12 BC – AD 5, that of the Annals of the Four Masters to 8 BC – AD 9.

Feradach Finnfechtnach (modern spelling: Fearadhach Fionnfeachtnach – “fair-blessed”),[1] son of Crimthann Nia Náir, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. There is some disagreement in the sources over his position in the traditional sequence of High Kings.

The Lebor Gabála Érenn[2] and the Annals of the Four Masters[3] agree that he came to power after the death of Cairbre Cinnchait. The Annals say that when Cairbre overthrew his father, his mother, Baine, daughter of the king of Alba, was pregnant with him, but this would make him less than five years old when he came to the throne: it is likely this is a doublet of a similar story told of the later High King Tuathal Techtmar.[4] The Annals also add that Ireland was fertile during his reign, contrasting it with the barren reign of the usurper Cairbre. Geoffrey Keating[5] has Feradach succeed his father Crimthann, placing Cairbre’s reign later. Keating relates that the judge Morann mac Máin (who in the Lebor Gabála and the Annals is the son of Cairbre and his wife Mani) lived in Feradach’s time. Morann owned the id Morainn (Morann’s collar or torc)[6] which would contract around the neck of a judge who made an unjust judgement until he made a just one, or of a witness who made a false testimony until he told the truth.

Feradach ruled for twenty years according to the Lebor Gabála and Keating, twenty-two according to the Annals, before dying a natural death at Tara. In all sources he was succeeded by Fíatach Finn. The Lebor Gabála synchronises his reign with that of the Roman emperor Domitian (AD 81-96) and the death of Pope Clement I (AD 99). The chronology of Keating’s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to AD 5-25, that of the Annals of the Four Masters to AD 14-36.

Fedlimid Rechtmar (“the lawful, legitimate” or “the passionate, furious”) or Rechtaid (“the judge, lawgiver”)[1] son of Tuathal Techtmar, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland.

His mother was Báine, daughter of Scál. He took power after killing his predecessor, and his father’s killer, Mal mac Rochride.[2] He is said to have instituted the principle of an eye for an eye into Irish law, after which the behaviour of the Irish improved.[3] The completion of the road construction around Tara is attributed to him.[4] He ruled for nine or ten years before dying in his bed, and was succeeded by Cathair Mór. One of his sons, Conn Cétchathach, would succeed Cathair. Two other sons, Fiacha Suigde, ancestor of the Dal Fiachrach Suighe, and Eochaid Finn, are named in medieval sources.[5] The Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with that of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180). The chronology of Geoffrey Keating‘s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to 104-113, that of the Annals of the Four Masters to 110-119.[6]


Conn Cétchathach (“of the Hundred Battles”, pron. [kɒn ˈkeːdxəθax]), son of Fedlimid Rechtmar,

was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland, and the ancestor of the Connachta, and, through his descendant Niall Noígiallach, the Uí Néill dynasties, which dominated Ireland in the early middle ages, and their descendants, including Scottish clans such as the Clan Donald.

Eochaid Mugmedón (“slave-lord”, pronounced [ˈɛxəð ˈmʊɣvʲəðən]), according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, was a High King of Ireland of the 4th century, best known as the father of Niall of the Nine Hostages and ancestor of the Uí Néill and Connachta dynasties.

He is not mentioned in the list of kings of Tara in the Baile Chuind (The Ecstasy of Conn), but is included in the synthetic lists of High Kings in the Lebor Gabála Érenn, the Irish annals, Geoffrey Keating‘s history, and the Laud Synchronisms.

According to the Lebor Gabála Érenn[1] and its derivative works, Eochaid was the son of the former High King Muiredach Tírech, a descendant of Conn Cétchathach. Muiredach was overthrown and killed by Cáelbad son of Cronn Bradruí, an Ulster king, but Cálbad only ruled one year before Eochaid killed him and took the throne. The Lebor Gabála says he extracted the bórama or cow-tribute from Leinster without a battle. However, Keating records that he was defeated in the Battle of Cruachan Claonta by the Leinster king Énnae Cennsalach.[2]

Beda Blood Fact – Family Merges With the Saxons in Ireland

According to the saga “The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon”,[3] he is said to have had two wives: Mongfind, daughter of Fidach, who bore him four sons, Brion, Ailill, Fiachrae and Fergus; and Cairenn Chasdub, daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, who bore him his most famous son, Niall.

CAIRENN or Cairenn Chasdub; Caireann (“curly-black (hair)”): was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, the daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, the second wife of the Irish High King Eochaid Mugmedón, and the mother of Niall of the Nine Hostages.

When she was pregnant with Niall, Eochaid’s first wife Mongfind was jealous and made her do heavy labour, hoping to make her miscarry. She gave birth beside a well as she was drawing water, and, out of fear of Mongfind, left the baby exposed to the birds. But the child was rescued and brought up by a poet called Torna. When the child, Niall, grew up he returned to Tara and relieved his mother of her labour, and went on to become High King himself.

Given Niall’s dates (he is traditionally supposed to have died around the turn of the 5th century, although modern historians place him half a century later),[3] it is anachronistic for his mother to have been a Saxon, but O’Rahilly argues that the name Cairenn is derived from the Latin name Carina, and that it is plausible that she might have been a Romano-Briton.[4] Indeed, Geoffrey Keating describes her not as a Saxon but as the “daughter of the king of Britain”.

According to the saga “The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon”,[3] he is said to have had two wives: Mongfind, daughter of Fidach, who bore him four sons, Brion, Ailill, Fiachrae and Fergus; and Cairenn Chasdub, daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, who bore him his most famous son, Niall. Mongfind is said to have hated Cairenn, and forced her to expose her child, but the baby was rescued and raised by a poet called Torna. When Niall grew up he returned to Tara and rescued his mother from the servitude Mongfind had placed her under. Mongfind appears to have originally been a supernatural personage: the saga “The Death of Crimthann mac Fidaig” says the festival of Samhain was commonly called the “Festival of Mongfind”, and prayers were offered to her on Samhain eve.[4] Although it is probably anachronistic for Eochaid to have had a Saxon wife, T. F. O’Rahilly argues that the name Cairenn is derived from the Latin name Carina, and that it is plausible that she might have been a Romano-Briton.[5] Indeed, Keating describes her not as a Saxon but as the “daughter of the king of Britain”.[6]

After ruling for seven or eight years, Eochaid died of an illness at Tara, and was succeeded by Mongfind’s brother Crimthann mac Fidaig, king of Munster. Keating dates his reign to 344-351, the Annals of the Four Masters to 357-365.[7] Daniel P. McCarthy, based on the Irish annals, dates his death to 362.[8]

Niall of the Nine Hostages– ancestor of the Uí Néill kindred who dominated Ireland from the 6th century to the 10th century

Niall Noígíallach (Irish pronunciation: [ˈniːəl noɪˈɣiːələx], Old Irish “having nine hostages“),[1] or in English, Niall of the Nine Hostages, son of Eochaid Mugmedón, was an Irish king, the eponymous ancestor of the Uí Néill kindred who dominated Ireland from the 6th century to the 10th century. The rise of the Uí Néill dynasties and their conquests in Ulster and Leinster are not reliably recorded but have been the subject of considerable study and attempts to reconstruct them.

Although generally supposed to be a historical personage, very little can confidently be said of Niall’s life. The sources for the details of Niall’s life are genealogies of historical kings, the “Roll of Kings” section of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, Irish annals such as the Annals of the Four Masters, chronicles such as Geoffrey Keating‘s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, and legendary tales like “The Adventure of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon” and “The Death of Niall of the Nine Hostages”. These sources date from long after Niall’s time and their value as history is limited at best.

Niall is placed in the traditional list of High Kings of Ireland. His reign dated to the late 4th and early 5th centuries. The Annals of the Four Masters dates his accession to 378 and death to 405.[2] The chronology of Keating’s Foras Feasa ar Éirinn broadly agrees, dating his reign from 368-395, and associating his raiding activities in Britain with the kidnapping of Saint Patrick (ca. 390-461).[3] However, the traditional roll of kings and its chronology is now recognised as artificial. The High Kingship did not become a reality until the 9th century, and Niall’s legendary status has been inflated in line with the political importance of the dynasty he founded. Based on Uí Néill genealogies and the dates given for his supposed sons and grandsons, modern historians believe he is likely to have lived some 50 years later than the traditional dates, dying circa 450.[4]

The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation: [iː ˈnʲeːl̪ʲ], descendants of Niall) are Irish and Scottish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), an historical King of Tara who died about 405.

The first generation of the Uí Néill were his sons, seven in all:

All these men were in their lifetime known as members of The Connachta dynasty, or as “the sons of Niall.” The term Uí Néill did not – by its very nature – come into use until the time of Niall’s grandsons and great-grandsons. Dynasties descended from the Uí Néill, such as the Cenél Conaill and Cenél nEógain, held power in Ulster until their defeat in the Nine Years War in 1603. The heads of the families left for Catholic Europe in 1607, an event known as the Flight of the Earls.

Lugaid mac Lóegairi (died c. 507) was a High King of Ireland. He was a grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages:

One of the supposed twelve sons of Lóegaire mac Néill, his mother was Angias, a daughter of (Ailill) Tassach of the Uí Liatháin.[1] Compared to his father, who features prominently in hagiographies of Saint Patrick, Lugaid is a lesser figure.

Before he was born Patrick is said by the late Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii to have cursed Lóegaire’s descendants so that they would never enjoy the kingship. His mother, who is said to have been pregnant with Lugaid at the time, beseeched Patrick to lift the curse from her unborn son. This he did, supposedly saying: “Until he opposes me, I will not curse him.”[2]

According to the earliest king list, that in the Baile Chuind Chétchathaig, compiled in the reign of Fínsnechta Fledach (died c. 695), Lugaid was king after Ailill Molt.[3] [4] Some of the late Irish annals record that he was part of an alliance that defeated and killed Ailill, but the more reliable Annals of Ulster report only his death in 507, perhaps at the battle of Ard Corainn.[5] His apparent inactivity while the annals are full of the doings of his kinsmen Coirpre mac Néill and of Muirchertach Macc Ercae is a puzzle.[4


 BEOAIDH, Béoáed mac Ocláin[1] was [bishop of Ardcarne (Ard Carna), County Roscommon.

  • Béoáed was bishop of Ard Carna in Maigh nAi (now Ardcarne, four miles due east of Boyle, County Roscommon. He is patron saint of Ardcarn, and his feast is celebrated on the 8th of March.
  • Beoaedh in the Martyrology of Donegal, we are told that he was of the race of Core, son of Fergus, son of Ross, son of Rudhraighe
  • Deciple under st patrick in ireland
  • He was of the race of Lughaidh, son of Ith. The same Cuimin, of Coindeire, in the poem whose beginning is, ” Patrick of great Macha loved,” states that Beoaedh
  • He had 7 children (4 sons and 3 daughters) =  Sons are Saint Ciaran, Donnan the Deacon, Cronan the Deacon, Luachall the Priest, Odhran the Priest and daughters are Pata, Raithbeo and Lughbee
  • He was a friend of Saint Caillin
  • Saint Bede’s (Beda’s) grandfather or great grandfather

St. Columcille AKA Saint Columba:

  • Spelling and Name Variations: St. Columcille (also called St. Columba or Colum Cille or Colmcille)
  • Saint Columba was abbot of Iona for over three decades, from its foundation until his death in the late sixth century

The battle of Cul Dreimhne was gained against Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, by Fearghus and Domhnall, the two sons of Muircheartach, son of Earca; by Ainmire, son of Sedna; and by Ainnidh, son of Duach; and by Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, King of Connaught. It was in revenge of the killing of Curnan, son of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, while under the protection of Colum Cille, the Clanna Neill of the North and the Connaughtmen gave this battle of Cul Dreimhne to King Diarmaid; and also on account of the false sentence which Diarmaid passed against Colum Cille about a book of Finnen, which Colum had transcribed without the knowledge of Finnen, when they left it to award of Diarmaid, who pronounced the celebrated decision, To every cow belongs its calf, &c. Colum Cille said:

1. O God, wilt thou not drive off the fog,
[gap: extent: 1 line]
which envelopes our number,
The host which has deprived us of our livelihood,
2. The host which proceeds around the carns!
He is a son of storm who betrays us.
My Druid, he will not refuse me,
is the Son of God, and may he side with me;
3. How grandly he bears his course,
the steed of Baedan before the host;
Power by Baedan of the yellow hair
will be borne from Ireland on him the steed.

At the convention of Druim Cett in 575, St. Columcille (also called St. Columba or Colum Cille or Colmcille) interceded to stop the banishment of the poets. The title “poet” in this case may refer to those who maintained the oral histories of the druids. As late as 1539, a treaty between Manus O’Donnell and O’Connor Sligo included satire by the poets and excommunication by the Church as punishments for breaking the treaty. More of the pre-christian oral histories may have been preserved in Ireland than in other parts of Europe. As some of the druids became Christian leaders, they decided that it was permitted to write down the oral history where before it had been forbidden. In “The Course of Irish History” by T. W. Moody and F. X. Martin, at the end of chapter 3, it is stated that this resulted in a preservation of literacy and learning by other than the Christian Clergy that was unique to Ireland during the dark ages.

However, this preservation of literacy and learning was not new to our family which was passed down from father to sonand had continued this tradition for thousands of years.  Maurice Bedard Quote

Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise : was one of the early Irish monastic saints and Irish bishop. He is sometimes called Ciarán the Younger to distinguish him from Saint Ciarán of Saighir. He was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland.[1]Born in 516 in County Roscommon, Connacht, in Ireland.Ciarán was surnamed Mac an Tsair, or “Son of the Carpenter”.Ciarán (Irish), Ciaran in Scottish Gaelic, Kieran, Keeran, Kyran, Keiran, Kieren, Kieron, Keiron or Kiernan is a personal name meaning “Small dark one”.Ciarán comes from the Irish word “Ciar” which means dark or black. Ciar can be linked back to Ciar, son of Fergus, King of Ulster. It is linked with many names, like Kerry meaning Ciar’s People.

  • What I would like to point out is he was called small dark one which would equate with our African heritage. This is an important clue that our DNA seems to carry.
  • Son of Beadoah
  • Kieran was fortunate to gain the friendship and patronage of Prince Diarmait, son of Cerball, the High King. Diarmait offered every assistance to the building of the monastery and endowed large amounts of land for use of the community. Diarmait was later to become the first Christian High King of Ireland.
  • On January 23rd 544 he laid the foundation stone of the great monastic school of Clonmacnoise
  • Alcuin went to the same school
  • The memory of St. Ciaran was, immediately after his death, held in the highest veneration throughout Ireland. St. Cummian, in his famous Paschal Epistle, reckons him among the “Patres Priores” of the Irish Church.
  • Because of his prominence in the early Irish church, St. Kieran is known as one of the “Twelve Apostles of Ireland.”


Due to the similarity of the name some people have identified Odran with Saint Odran, the first Irish Christian martyr. There is a parallel in that each man voluntarily sacrificed himself to further the work of a better-known saint.

Odran or Odhran (earlier: Otteran), a descendant of Conall Gulban, is usually identified with Odhron (also called Odhrán or Oran), who preceded Saint Columba in Iona. His death is recorded in 548 and his grave was greatly revered in Iona. According to Irish tradition Odran served as abbot of Meath and founded Lattreagh. He is described variously as companion, brother or son of Columba, and died soon after his arrival on Iona. Columba saw devils and angels fight over Odran’s soul before it ascended into heaven.

Another legend tells that the chapel that Saint Columba wanted to build on Iona was destroyed every night. Finally he was told by a voice that it could never be finished until a living man was buried below. So Odran was buried alive willingly and the chapel could be finished. But one day he pushed his head through the wall and said that there was no hell as was supposed nor heaven that people talk about. Alarmed by this Columba let Odran’s body be variously covered with earth more securely or removed with haste.

BEDWINI, a Celtic bishop, whose name occurs in the stories about Arthur, is said to have lived at Cellwig. He is conjecturally connected with Bodmin (Rees, Welsh Saints, 238; Whitaker, Cathedral of Cornwall, i. 45, ii. 234).

Beda in England

Below is a list of the Geneology of the Kings from what  called the Anglo Saxon of Lyndsey that appeared to survive for only a century. You will observe the name Beda and variations of this name throughout these list of Kings. Not much is know about what happened to the kingdom or who they were until now. They were a kingdom of Levite High Priest Kings who later became Celtic Druids, Kings, Fathers, Doctors , Saints of the Catholic Church and then Kings Bedesmen. A tradition that that was followed in my family for thousands of years that passed from father to son.

Beda Kings of Lyndsey

Lindsey or Linnuis (Old English Lindesege) is the name of a petty Anglo-Saxon kingdom, absorbed into Northumbria in the 7th century. (Northrumbia is where Saint Beda (Bede) resided).

It lay between the Humber and the Wash, forming its inland boundaries from the course of the Witham and Trent rivers (with the inclusion of an area inside of a marshy region south of the Humber known as the Isle of Axholme), and the Foss Dyke between them. It is believed that Roman Lindum (Lincoln) was the capital of this kingdom, with continuity of the place-name suggesting continuity of settlement traditions: in 625, Bede recounts,[1] the missionary Paulinus of York was received by the praefectus of Lindum.[2] Place-name evidence indicates that the Anglian settlement known as Lindisfaras spread from the Humber coast. Compare Winta and Winteringham.

The “Anglian collection” of genealogies, created in the last years of king Offa‘s reign, gives the names of the ruling lineage of Lindsey. The early names will relate either to life in Angeln or to a boastful genealogy arising from gods such as Woden.

  • Geot – Compare the Geats who are frequently mentioned in Beowulf‘s story.
  • Godulf
  • Finn
  • Frioðulf
  • Frealaf
  • Woden – Compare Woden, the god.

From Winta on, the names will refer to the early leaders in Lindsey.

  • Winta – Compare Winteringham (the homestead of Winta’s people).
  • Cretta
  • Cuelgils
  • Caedbaed
  • Bubba
  • Beda
  • Biscop
  • Eanferð
  • Eatta
  • Aldfrið

None of the individuals can be securely dated. With regard to Aldfrið, Frank Stenton referred to the witness list for an Anglo-Saxon charter which includes an “Ealfrid rex”, and dated its writing to some time between the years 787 and 796.[3] Unfortunately it is now believed that the name on the witness list should read “Ecgfrið Rex“, and refers to Offa‘s son, who was anointed King of the Mercians in 787, nine years before his succession in 796, and would have been correctly styled “rex”. Stenton also suggested that the name ‘Biscop’ came from the title ‘bishop’ and must post-date Paulinus’s mission to Lindsey of 628 CE. However, as Sarah Foot has pointed out, Biscop is a perfectly good name, and we have no need to look for an external origin. The other genealogies in the Anglian collection close with historic personages whose dates are known, such as Edwin of Deira (616-33), Ethelred of Mercia (675-704) and Ethelbert II of Kent (725-62), but this wide range offers little help in dating Aldfrið.[4]

Detailed List:

  • King Beda is grandafather to St Bede and father is Benedict Biscop born 628
  • 640–High King Cadwaladyr invites Archbishop Honorius to visit him at his court, and Honorius accepts. They discuss the religious divisions on the island (the Roman Church vs. the British Church vs. pagan and Pelagian remnants) and agree that something must be done to resolve them. High King Cadwaladyr agrees to call a Synod for the following year to discuss these issues. Also in this year, Pope-elect John IV writes to the Irish about the Easter Controversy and Pelagianism. Also in this year, the King of Middle Anglia dies without heirs. The closest male claimant is King Biscop of Lindsay, and the two kingdoms are joined. Also in this year, King Eadbald of Kent dies, and is succeeded by Earconbert
  • Benedict Biscop (628–89), founder and first abbot of Wearmouth, scholar, and patron of the arts. He was born of a noble Northumbrian family, and, as Biscop Baducing (his family name), was in the service of the Northumbrian king Oswiu until 653. He then decided to become a monk, but went first with Wilfrid to Rome to visit the tombs of the apostles. He returned to Northumbria and soon took Aldfrith son of Oswiu, back to Rome on his second visit. Biscop became a monk at Saint-Honorat, Lérins, on his way back, taking the name of Benedict. His third visit to Rome coincided with the presence of Wighard, archbishop-elect of Canterbury, who died in Rome before consecration. Biscop returned to England with Theodore of Canterbury in 669, becoming abbot of St. Augustine’s, Canterbury, for a short time. Soon he wanted to make his own foundation: with the help of King Egfrith, who gave him seventy hides of land, he founded Wearmouth in 674. Within a year he had imported Frankish stonemasons who built a Romanesque church there; soon afterwards he brought in glassmakers and other craftsmen, who not only made what was necessary, but also taught local men. Books bought at Rome and Vienne were added to the endowment. He drew up a rule for his community, based on that of Benedict and the customs of seventeen monasteries he had visited. The pious servant of Christ, Biscop, called Benedict, with the assistance of the Divine grace, built a monastery in honour of the most holy of the apostles, St. Peter, near the mouth of the river Were, on the north side. The venerable and devout king of that nation, Egfrid, contributed the land; and Biscop, for the space of sixteen years, amid innumerable perils in journeying and in illness, ruled this monastery with the same piety which stirred him up to build it. If I may use the words of the blessed Pope Gregory, in which he glorifies the life of the abbot of the same name, he was a man of a venerable life, blessed (Benedictus) both in grace and in name; having the mind of an adult even from his childhood, surpassing his age by his manners, and with a soul addicted to no false pleasures. The History of the Abbots reminded me first that Biscop was not an old or retired warrior but in his mid-twenties when he left the king’s service to explore the church. When King Oswiu made him a thane and gave him land it was recognition that it was time for him to begin the life of an active adult male. His warrior days were not expected to be over. In any major campaign the thegns would be expected to participate along with what ever men they could being. The kings retinue that Biscop would have left were mostly teenagers in various levels of training and responsibility. Biscop was a young man in his prime when he began his first trip to Rome.
  • c.645 – Gwynedd and much of Wales is in the grasp of famine. King Biscop of Lindsay dies, and he is succeeded by his son, who rules as King Bede.
  • 649–Diarmait mac Aedo Slaine was defeated by Guaire Aidni, King of Connacht at the Battle of Carn Conaill.
  • 650–Crown Prince Rhodri is married to a fair maiden named Hildegard, the only childand heiress of King Bede of Lindsay.
  • 651–High King Cadwaladyr dies. Crown Prince Hywel ascends the throne. Prince Rhodri is installed as King of Gwynedd. King Oswine of Deira dies childless later thatsame year. There being no remaining male heirs of the House of Deira, the kingdom isgiven by High King Hywel to Aethelhere, brother of King Anna of East Anglia.
  • 653–King Sigebehrt I of Essex dies. He is succeeded by Sigebehrt II.  Biscop Baducing travels to Rome to pursue a career in the church. He shortly thereafter enters a monastery at Lerins, in the south of France. While there, he adopts the name of Benedict.
  • 669–Benedict Biscop Baducing travels with Theodore of Tarsus to Canterbury.
  • 670–King Bede of Lindsay dies. High King Rhodri inherits the kingdom, which becomes a personal land of the High King. King Aethehere of Deira dies. He is succeeded by his son, Beorna. As did his father before him, he swears allegiance to the British High King as overlord.
  • St Bede, the Venerable, 673-735:Bede was born in 673, in Northumberland, became a monk and died at Jarrow in 735. His modern feast day is May 25. He was one of the most important intellects, and most prolific writers of his time. Among his other accomplishments was in becoming the only Englishman in Dante’s Divine Comedy. His most important work his is History of the English Church and People, but he wrote many others – biblical commentaries and hagiography in particular.

Beda Celtic Church and the Catholic Church Collide:

A monastery-centred establishment seems to have grown up in sixth-century Britain, though our knowledge of this period there is limited. There may have been interaction with Ireland at this time, perhaps partly brought about by a very severe plague in Ireland in 548/9,[17] only a few years after the extreme weather events of 535–536. However, Bede speaks of “the monastery of Bangor, in which, it is said, there was so great a number of monks, that the monastery being divided into seven parts, with a superior set over each, none of those parts contained less than three hundred men, who all lived by the labour of their hands.”

At the end of the 6th century, the face of Christianity in Britain was forever changed by the Gregorian mission. In this endeavour, Pope Gregory I sent a group of clerics headed by the monk Augustine to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity and to establish new churches and dioceses in their territory. Gregory intended for Augustine to become the metropolitan archbishop over all of southern Britain, including over the bishops already serving among the Britons. Augustine met British bishops in a series of conferences in which he attempted to assert his authority and persuade them to abandon certain customs that conflicted with Roman practice. However, these conferences failed to reach any agreement.

The only surviving account of Augustine’s meetings with the British clergy is that in the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum of the Northumbrian writer Bede. According to Bede, some bishops and other representatives of the nearest province of the Britons met Augustine at a location at the border of the Kingdom of Kent, which was thereafter known as Augustine’s Oak. Augustine tried to convince the delegates to join his proselytizing efforts, and to reform certain of their customs, particularly their Easter computus. Though impressed with the newcomer, the Britons asserted that they could not agree to his demands without conferring with their people. They then withdrew until a fuller assembly could be arranged.[18]

Bede relates an anecdote that the British bishops consulted a wise hermit as to how to respond to Augustine when he arrived for the second council. The hermit replied that they should make the decision based on Augustine’s own conduct. If he should rise to greet them at the council, they would know him as a humble servant of Christ and should submit to him, but if he arrogantly kept his seat, they should reject him. As it happened, Augustine did not rise at the council, causing outrage. Augustine offered to allow the Britons to maintain most of their customs if they made three concessions: they should adopt the Roman method of calculating Easter’s date, reform their baptismal rite, and join the missionary efforts among the Saxons. The Britons rejected all of these, and, adds Bede, refused to recognize Augustine’s authority over them.[18] Bede reports that Augustine is said to have then delivered a prophecy that the British church’s failure to proselytize the Saxons would bring them war and death at their hands. He gives the Battle of Chester, at which many British clergy were said to have been killed by the pagan King Æthelfrith of Northumbria, as the fulfillment of this prophecy.[19][20][21]

Thereafter, “Celtic” customs were often seen as conflicting with the Roman customs adopted in most of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The most significant contention was over the Easter dating, which of all the points of disagreement would have produced the most obvious signs of disunity for observers.[22] Under the two systems Easter did not generally coincide, and as such it would be matter of course for Christians following one system to be solemnly observing Lent while others were celebrating the feast of the Resurrection. Indeed, this is noted as occurring in the household of King Oswiu of Northumbria, whose kingdom had been evangelized by both Irish and Roman missionaries.[23] The other custom that consistently drew the ire of adherents to Roman custom was the Celtic tonsure. There is no indication that Augustine himself raised this issue, but it does appear in several other sources, which invariably connect it to the Celtic dating for Easter. John Edward Lloyd suggests that the primary reason for the British bishops’ rejection of Augustine, and especially his call for them to join his missionary effort, may have been his claim to sovereignty over them.[24] It may have been difficult for them to accept the supremacy of a see so deeply entwined with the power of Anglo-Saxon Kent.[24]

The Lindisware fall under Mercian dominance and the Beda’s Are Hidden From History

  • 675 – Bede
  • 675 – 679 – The Lindisware fall under temporary Northumbrian dominance following the death of the Mercian King Wulfhere.
  • 679 – Mercia restores its control of the Lindisware and quite possibly removes its kings. No further native rulers of Lindey are recorded for half a century, and even those may not be kings, but ealdormen.
  • 725 – Eanfrith
  • 750 – Eatta
  • 786 & 796 – Aldfrith Ruled at some point between these dates.
  • 796 – 875 – Aldfrith’s ancestors may have ruled Lindsey but the kingdom has normally been subject to Mercia or Northumbria. From this point Lindsey is directly controlled by Mercia alone, until it is conquered by the Danes of the Scandinavian kingdom of York. The region of the Spaldingas, situated around the Wash and now called Stamford, becomes one of York’s Five Boroughs (in 940).


Links and Sources:

  • Béoáed mac OcláinArchaeologia cambrensis – Page 289 Cambrian Archaeological Association – 1893 – Free Google eBook – Read 216, 240, as Beoaidh (genitive Beoaidh), and the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick
  • Saint Kieran Info
  • Noel Beda Info
    the matyr dom of donegal a calendar of the saints of ireland – Page 243john o’donovan, ll.d., m.r.i.a. – 1864 – Free Google eBook – Read
    Great are his signs and his miracles, as is evident in his Life. He had four brothers and three holy sisters, viz., Cronan the Deacon, Donnan the Deacon, Luachall the Priest, and Odhran the Priest ; Lughbet, … – Add to My Library? – In My Library: Change?
    Publications / Irish archaeological and Celtic society, Dublin – Page 2431864 – Free Google eBook – Read
    He had four brothers and three holy sisters, viz., Cronan the Deacon, Donnan the Deacon, Luachall the Priest, and Odhran the Priest; Lughbet, Pata, and Raithbeo, were the three sisters. A very ancient old-vellum-book states, … – Add to My Library?________________________________________________________________________BOOKSThe Irish ecclesiastical record – Page 2931902 – Free Google eBook – Read
    Henne8sy’ identifies Bite with St. Beoaedh, bishop of Ardcarne, in the county of Roscommon. ‘ He was,’ he says, ‘ nephew of St. Assicus, bishop of Elphin, who was also buried in Rathcunga. St. Beoaedh died on the 8th of … – More editions – Add to My Library?Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister – 1921 – 190 pages – Free Google eBook – Read
    Thus arises the Latin form Beonnadus. By metathesis the name further becomes transformed to Beodan or Beoan. The Latharna were the people who dwelt around the site of the modern town of Lame, which preserves their name; Mag Molt (“the … – More editions – Add to My Library?Michael O’Clery, Cucogry O’Clery, Ferfeasa O’Mulconry – 1856 – Free Google eBook – Read
    Beoaidh’, Bishop of Ard-carna, died the eighth day of March. Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, King of Munster, died. … Brighit (now Ballynaglearagh, on the confines of the counties of Leitrim and Cavan) : ” Ejus nola Ceolan Beoaidh .i. nola … – More editions – Add to My Library?The martyrology of Donegal: a calendar of the saints of Ireland – Page 241Michael O’Clery, James Henthorn Todd, William Reeves – 1864 – 566 pages – Free Google eBook – Read
    Beoaidh was the name of the carpenter, his father. Darerca, daughter of Earcan, son of Buachall, son of Glas, … Beoaidh, the Carpenter, was the name of the father of Ciaran, as Joseph, the Carpenter, was the name of the husband of … – More editions – Add to My Library?The Latin & Irish lives of Ciaran – Page 107Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister – 1921 – 190 pages – Free Google eBook – Read
    Thus arises the Latin form Beonnadus. By metathesis the name further becomes transformed to Beodan or Beoan. The Latharna were the people who dwelt around the site of the modern town of Lame, which preserves their name; Mag Molt (“the … – More editions – Add to My Library?


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