“We have been saying a good deal about a lodge; I want to know what constitutes a lodge?”

Ans. “A certain number of Free and Accepted Masons duly assembled in a room, or place, with the Holy Bible,

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[paragraph continues] Square and Compass, and other Masonic implements with a charter from the Grand Lodge empowering them to work.”

“Where did our ancient brethren meet before lodges were erected?”

Ans. “On the highest hills, and in the lowest vales.”

“Why on the highest hills and the lowest vales?”

Ans. “The better to guard against cowans and enemies, either ascending or descending, that the brethren might have timely notice of their approach to prevent being surprised.”

“What is the form of your lodge?”

Ans. “An oblong square.”

“How long?”

Ans. “From east to west.”

“How wide?”

Ans. “Between north and south.”

“How high?”

Ans. “From the surface of the earth to the highest heavens.”

“How deep?”

Ans. “From the surface to the center.”

“What supports your lodge?”

Ans. “Three large columns or pillars.”

“What are their names?”

Ans. “Wisdom, Strength and Beauty.”

“Why so?”

Ans. “It is necessary there should be wisdom to contrive, strength to support, and beauty to adorn all great and important undertakings, but more especially this of ours.”

“Has your lodge any covering?”

Ans. “It has; a clouded canopy, or a starry decked heaven, where all good Masons hope to arrive.”

“How do they hope to arrive there?”

Ans. “By the assistance of Jacob’s ladder.”

“How many principal rounds has it got?”

Ans. “Three.”

“What are their names?”

Ans. “Faith, Hope and Charity.”

“What do they teach?”

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Ans. “Faith in God, Hope in immortality, and Charity to all mankind.”

“Has your lodge any furniture?”

Ans. “It has; the Holy Bible, Square, and Compass.”

“To whom do they belong?”

Ans. “The Bible to God, the Square to the Master, and the Compass to the Craft.”

“How explained?”

Ans. “The Bible to God, it being the inestimable gift of God to man, for his instruction to guide him through the rugged paths of life; the Square to the Master, it being the proper emblem of his office; the Compass to, the Craft, by a due attention to which we are taught to limit our desires, curb our ambition, subdue our irregular appetites, and keep our passions and prejudices in due bonds with all mankind, but more especially with the brethren,”

“Has your lodge any ornaments?”

Ans. “It has; the mosaic, or chequered pavement, the indented tessels, the beautiful tessellated border which surrounds it, with the blazing star in the center.”

“What do they represent?”

Ans. “Mosaic or chequered pavement represents this world, which, though chequered over with good and evil, yet brethren may walk together thereon and not stumble; the indented tessel, with the blazing star in the center, the manifold blessings and comforts with which we are surrounded in this life, but more especially those which we hope to enjoy hereafter; the blazing star, that prudence which ought to appear conspicuous in the conduct of every Mason, but more especially commemorative of the star which appeared in the east, to guide the wise men to Bethlehem, to proclaim the birth and the presence of the Son of God.”

“Has your lodge any lights?”

Ans. “It has three.”

“How are they situated?”

Ans. “East, west, and south.”

“Has it none in the north?”

Ans. “It has not.”

“Why so?”

Ans. “Because this and every other lodge is, or ought to be a true representation of King Solomon’s Temple, which

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was situated north of the ecliptic; the sun and moon therefore darting their rays from the south, no light was to be expected from the north; we, therefore, Masonically, term the north a place of darkness.”

“Has your lodge any jewels?”

Ans. “It has six; three movable and three immovable.”

“What are the three movable jewels?”

Ans. “The Square, Level, and Plumb.”

“What do they teach?”

Ans. “The Square, morality; the Level, equality; and the Plumb, rectitude of life and conduct.”

“What are the three immovable jewels?”

Ans. “The rough Ashlar, the perfect Ashlar, and the Trestle-board.”

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