The God Thoth: The Sacred Brain Science of the Ancient Egyptians

The God Thoth: The Sacred Brain Science of the Ancient Egyptians

Thoth (Taut, Taautus, Theuth) is the Egyptian creation god of thought, knowledge, writing, math, the sciences, magic, messenger, and exclusive patron of scribes.

His stories detail a pearl of hidden scientific wisdom about human behavior and the biology and neurobiology that the Ancient Egyptians had mastered thousands of years ago.

A science that I contend we carry on as their inheritors until this very day.

The veneration and the importance of Thoth are among the longest of any god(s) in Egypt or any deity from any civilization lasting approximately 6,000 plus years. The kings of Egypt would style their royal names after this god such as the many Pharaohs called Tuthmoses – “Born of Thoth”, as well as their scribes, and priests.

In religious art, Thoth is often depicted as a man with the head of a baboon or ibis, which lays the cosmic egg that holds all of creation representing an equilibrium between order and chaos. In some stories, he is closely associated with being born “from the lips of Ra” at the beginning of creation as the embodiment of divine order and justice.

According to Egyptian myth, Thoth was self-created and was known as the “god without a mother” or “born of the seed of Horus or from the forehead of Set.” Another tells us that Set brought forth a gold disk from his forehead, which Thoth seized and placed on his own head as an ornament.

These descriptions interest me as it relates to my research on the human neurological system, the brain, and hidden biological aspects of human behavior.

These ancient stories appear to be exoteric representations of a secret science that the Egyptians mastered with the tools they had at the time that we know today as neurobiology – the study of the nervous system and the brain.

For example, the story of how Thoth was birthed from Set’s forehead and his attributes involve the brain such as critical thinking and putting in the work of writing and inventing.

In other versions, he acts as a mediator in the struggle between the gods like the battle between Horus and Set, which allude to the different functions of the left vs right brain.

As the record keeper of the gods and a judge of human affairs, Thoth seemed to be involved in the memory process as he kept account of the days of human beings. He is regularly depicted in a number of images keeping track of the days as a scribe at the side of Osiris and Anubis in the Hall of Truth as he records the outcome of the weighing of the heart against the feather of truth.

In every story, Thoth seeks equilibrium. He always stands in the middle ground to make sure the contest of the Gods will be fair.

As Egyptian Scholar Richard H. Wilkinson comments:

“In vignettes of the Book of the Dead, Thoth stands before the scales which weigh the heart of the deceased and record the verdict. This role gave Thoth a reputation for truth and integrity and is seen in the common assertion that a person had conducted his life in a manner “straight and true like Thoth”.

As if Thoth represents thought, logic, and reason to make sure that when you do think, all knowledge attained is assessed equally for true comprehension so that none will gain an advantage over the other.

His wife was Ma’at, also spelled Maat and Mayet who was the personification of truth, justice, and the cosmic order. The female Goddess of Justice and the Lower World, the Land of Ghosts, was called Maat (Mot, Mout, or Mut).

She was often depicted with a vulture headdress and sometimes a Lion’s head. In legends, she is “The opener of the nostrils of the living.”

Maat was one of the gods created when the sun god Ra emerged from the chaotic and primordial waters of Nun at the beginning of time filling the entire universe with Maat. However, with the fall of mankind, disorder, evil, and chaos entered the universe in the form of Isfet.

Ma’at gave the gods the ability to breathe air and the bringer of a good afterlife to peaceful and law-abiding people, but death to violent and evil people.

Thoth is also known as the “Lord of Ma’at”, “Lord of Divine Words”, and “Scribe of Ma’at in the Company of the Gods”.

As if Thoth was the mind or thinking apparatus for humans, while Ma’at acted as the guard or executing angel issuing neurological judgments and biological justice in the form of our brain and body health or lack thereof.

We find Thoth in the Phoenician Cadmus, the inventor of the alphabet, writing, and letters who gave these skills to the Greeks. He is the purported founder and the first king of Boeotian Thebes and Ancient Greece’s first hero.

Taautus is also the name of a god from Byblos, who invented the alphabet, and became synonymous with the Greek Hermes or Hermes Trismegistus, also spelled Hermes Trismegistos.

Interestingly, we can also find that Thoth is intimately connected to the life-giving Ankh, the symbol of life, and the holiest symbol in Egyptian religion.

In the Phoenician cosmogony, Thoth also becomes Taautus and the Ankh later from Middle English tau, taue, from Latin tau, from Ancient Greek ταῦ (taû) and Hebrew תָּו‎ (tav, tau or taw).

The tau just so happens to be one of the most important and holiest symbols of Judaism and Christianity and one of the most ancient symbols known to the Church.

It is the cross that The Prophet Ezekiel speaks of as the mark distinguishing those who were to be saved from the damned in Jerusalem.

We also are told that Jesus, a 33-year-old wise man from the land of Judea (Idumea, Crete) was brought to Golgatha, also known as the “Place of a Skull” and crucified upon a Tau cross with two others, one on each side, with Jesus in the middle.

Miraculously, after the crucifixion upon the tau, Jesus is resurrected.

The original Phoenician (Hebrew) meaning of resurrect or resurrection is ‘raising up, rising up’ or ‘to cause to stand or rise up; to raise from sleep or the dead.

I contend that this act of raising up as told in the story of Jesus is akin to a person becoming awakened or enlightened.

As if they had been woken from a sleep-like state where they were in medical terms, mentally dead. Meaning, they were not really using their full brain faculties to acquire knowledge (gnosis).

In other words, by the power of the Egyptian God Thoth and his Tau cross, the Greek Hermes, the Christian Jesus at the Place of the Skull, or just plain good thoughts in your head that lead to good actions and lives – people can be saved and find salvation.

It doesn’t matter if you are an Egyptian, Phoenician, Greek, Jew, Christian or Muslim – Salvation can be had by anyone, but not everyone can attain it.

The God Thoth represents the ancient Egyptian concept of the power of thought and secrets of wisdom in which the tau is an ancient symbol of the mysteries of consciousness and life.

A mystery that I hope to someday prove is associated with the science of thought, knowledge, wisdom, mental health, and memory.

The All-Seeing Eye: The Grand Architect of the Universe (T.G.A.O.T.U.)

The All-Seeing Eye: The Grand Architect of the Universe (T.G.A.O.T.U.)

The Grand Master proclaims, ” We come to complete the work and to consecrate it to the glory of the Grand Architect of the Universe, to truth, to virtue, and to light the fire of Freemasonry.”

Perhaps no other philosophical concept and symbol is more important in the history of Freemasonry than the Grand Architect of the Universe (initials T.G.A.O.T.U.), which is also sometimes referred to as the Great Architect of the Universe, The Sovereign Grand Architect of the Universe, or the All-Seeing Eye of God. The term itself has been used by Freemasons since at least 1723.

The name “Great Architect” comes from Greek words meaning “Great Artificer” or “Great Workman”; both terms refer to God’s creative powers and abilities to create anything out of nothing at all (Genesis 1:2). This idea seems very similar to what Albert Pike (1809-1891) said about God: “God is uncreated; all else is created.”

Pike claims that T.G.A.O.T.U. is invisible. He wrote,  “The point is invisible as the grand architect of the universe of Freemasonry is invisible. But by singular substitution we have assembled to represent a visible sign of this invisible grace.”

In Freemasonry, there is a requirement that a Mason must believe in God, and the Grand Architect of the Universe would represent this deity.

To Freemasons, T.G.A.O.T.U. is associated with light, fire, divinity, the divine wisdom of God, and sacred geometry, which is found symbolized in Lodges as the letter G, the Blazing Star (upright pentagram) or a single eye often enclosed within a triangle with rays of light emanating from it.

God is always associated with creation, light, truth and divine wisdom.

The Masonic philosophy is based on enlightened rationalism (beliefs based on reason rather than faith) and emphasizes goodness, charity, and brotherhood among people regardless of race, creed, or religion). Each Mason has his own unique function or purpose in life and must seek spiritual enlightenment through self-realization and self-development so that he may become a better person who contributes something meaningful to society at large.

The phrase “Grand Architect” appears in Masonic rituals in various forms, such as “Grand Geometrician of the Universe” (or some variant thereof), “Great Geometrician” and “Great Architect” (or some variant thereof). The word “Geometry” here refers to “sacred geometry”, which is a system of measuring and constructing the world and cosmos that was first developed by the Ancient Egyptians and Greeks but has been used by many cultures throughout history.

Thomas McKay wrote:

“We know, for instance, from the recent researches of the archaeologists, that in all the documents of the ancient Egyptians, written in the demotic or common character of the country, the names of the gods were invariably denoted by symbols; and I have already alluded to the different modes by which the Jews expressed the tetragrammaton.

A similar practice prevailed among the other nations of antiquity. Freemasonry has adopted the same expedient, and the Grand Architect of the Universe, whom it is the usage, even in ordinary writing, to designate by the initials G.A.O.T.U., is accordingly presented to us in a variety of symbols, three of which particularly require attention.

These are the letter G, the equilateral triangle, and the All-Seeing Eye.”

33rd Degree Freemason and author Manly P. Hall said it was an expression of a hidden reality. Hall wrote:

Freemasons have for centuries held the conception of the Universe as the material expression of a hidden reality, an invisible blueprint set down by the hand of the Grand Architect of the Universe [in his Spiritual, Moral and Masonic Trestle Board].

Hall also wrote:

“Let him never forget that the Master is near.  Day and night let him feet the presence of the Supreme or Overshadowing One. The All-Seeing Eye is upon him. Day and night this great Orb measures his depths, seeing into his innermost soul of souls.”

Pike wrote in Morals and Dogma;

The great duties that are inculcated by the lessons taught by the working-instruments of a Grand Master Architect, demanding so much of us, and taking for granted the capacity to perform them faithfully and fully, bring us at once to reflect upon the dignity of human nature, and the vast powers and capacities of the human soul; and to that theme we invite your attention in this Degree.

Let us begin to rise from earth toward the Stars.

Evermore the human soul struggles toward the light, toward God, and the Infinite. It is especially so in its afflictions. Words go but a little way into the depths of sorrow. The thoughts that writhe there in silence, that go into the stillness of Infinitude and Eternity, have no emblems.

Thoughts enough come there, such as no tongue ever uttered. They do not so much want human sympathy, as higher help. There is a loneliness in deep sorrow which the Deity alone can relieve. Alone, the mind wrestles with the great problem of calamity, and seeks the solution from the Infinite Providence of Heaven, and thus is led directly to God.”(Morals and Dogma Chapter 12)


The concept of God, symbolized as an eye and being the creator or grand architect of the world, goes back thousands of years to Ancient Egypt, Greece, and Phoenicia. The Egyptians had the Eye of Ra and Horus for thousands of years.

The Greek concept of the Grand Architect was Plato’s Demiurge (Gk., dēmiourgos, ‘craftsman’) who formed and molded the visible world. In Christianity, we have God and the LORD with the Eye of Providence dating back well over 1,200 years ago.

Many of us know the Eye of Providence from the back of our U.S. currency on the dollar bill showing an eye enclosed in a triangle and surrounded by rays of light. It was placed there by Masons to represent the eye of God, who watches over humanity, guiding us by the principles of divine providence.

It should be no surprise to some of us that many Masonic and Christain symbols adorn such important items as our currency, since many of our nation’s founders were Freemasons, including George Washington, Ben Franklin, Paul Revere, Joseph Warren, and John Hancock.

A Novus Ordo Seclorum – “A new order of the ages (is born).”

The original Great Seal of the United States of America was said to have been designed in 1782 by Charles Thomson, who, in collaboration with lawyer and artist William Barton, had originated the idea of a pyramid and Eye of Providence and other elements.

The “Eye of Providence” below is from the George Washington Masonic Memorial.


The Ancient Greek scientific concept of The Grand Architect of the Universe can be found in Plato’s Timaeus as the Demiurge, from the Greek dēmiourgos, which means craftsman. He uses the term dēmiourgos to refer both to an artisan and to an original arranger of the world.

In the opening speech, Timaeus (Timaeus 27d5-29b1) claims that the cosmos must be the product of what he calls the Demiurge, creating an eternal paradigm. Plato wrote, “To find the maker and father of this universe is a difficult task, and even once found, it’s impossible to declare him to all” (Timaeus 28c3–5).

Plato explains that it is impossible for something to come into being from nothing (27e2-28a4). The first premise is that here must be some source for motion for the universe as a whole, which is unchanging and indestructible. Plato says that an efficient cause is one that acts without being acted upon.

Meaning, the Demiurge does not receive its motion from something else. Instead, it is the first source of all motion in the universe as a whole. Timaeus states that this source must be an efficient cause (Timaeus 27d).

The Demiurge fashioned the world, people and the cosmos out of preexisting chaos which the Demiurge organized into the four elements — Earth, Water, Air and Fire. These formed the “body” of the cosmos, which was also endowed with a “soul”. The soul of the cosmos, which Plato considered as its better or more important part, was its principle of eternal and recurring circular motion, causing the circular motion of the planets, sun, moon, and stars.

Plato’s student, Aristotle added the fifth Platonoic element, aether as the prima matter of the heavenly bodies. He claimed that crystalline spheres were made of a fire like substance that was always moving, called aether. A substance that also filled the space between the celestial bodies.

According to Aristotle’s theories of motion, he believed that ether was a fire like substance that was always moving in a circular motion. But the other four elements tended to move in straight lines. The earth moved downward; fire moved upward, while water and air fell in between.

I believe that Plato’s philosophical explanation of the Demiurge and Aristotle’s aether are the closest scientific explanations of The Grand Architect of the Universe that have been posited to date. In a future essay, I will go into more detail on the Greek concept of the Demiurge and how it can be connected to modern science.


In Christianity, the symbol of the eye of God may be found in the Book of Proverbs, which introduces the idea that “The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge (Gnosis).”

The first known use of the symbol is in the Palatine Chapel, Aachen Cathedral, which was built by Charlemagne in 786. It was a fairly common symbol throughout the middle ages and well into the Enlightenment period.

Thomas Aquinas said in the Summa: “God, Who is the first principle of all things, may be compared to things created “as the architect is to things designed” (ut artifex ad artificiata).”

John Calvin (1509-1564) was a French reformer of the Church who calls the Christian God “the Architect of the Universe”, also referring to his works as “Architecture of the Universe”, and in his commentary on Psalm 19 refers to the Christian God as the “Great Architect” or “Architect of the Universe”. (Institutes of the Christian Religion – 1536)

In Scripture, God is the master or choirmaster of the heavens, and his handywork can be seen as the creator of the world. The firmament showeth his handywork. (Genesis 1:6, 20.) as the atmosphere enveloping the earth. Psalm 19 reads, “For the director of music. A psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. Day after day they pour forth speech; night after night they reveal knowledge (Gnosis).”


The ancient Egyptians believed that Ra was the one who created everything in their world as the father of all creation.

They believed that Ra created himself out of nothingness and then created everything else in their world by speaking it into existence. He was the patron of the heavens, light, the sun, power and royalty. He was said to govern the actions of the sun.

The Eye of Ra would be one of the earliest or the first representations of the The Grand Architect of the Universe, the Eye of Providence and All-Seeing Eye of God.

Ra was one of the oldest deities in the Egyptian pantheon and was later merged with Atum to become Atum-Ra, which means “the complete one.”  He also merged with the God Amon to become Amon-Ra At Thebes, becoming the principal god of the pantheon, the “king of the gods,” and the patron of kings.

All Egyptian Pharoahs from the 4th Dynasty on held the title “Son of Ra” (Son of God or the Grand Architect). As the Sons of Ra, they were tasked with governing their kingdoms and people as God issuing justice via rewards and punishments.

Gnostic Warrior Conclusion

The Masonic Grand Architect of the Universe symbolizes creator God and the primeval creative force in both ancient and modern religions, particularly those of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.

In the end, believing in the creator of the universe will always be a matter of faith and opinion.

It’s a fascinating subject with roots in Egyptian Mythology, Greek Philosophy, Christian theology and Freemasonry throughout history—and it’s one that every Mason should spend some time researching on his own in order to appreciate its many different facets.

But as you can see from the course of history, several ancient nations, religions, and secret societies such as Freemasonry believed in a creator God whom they honored and defied in their writings.

For the Masons, the idea of a Great Architect is dogmatic as with many other religions. It is a requirement to believe in God, and there are no acceptions.

An ancient tradition that is still followed to this day not only by Masons, but also by billions of people.

The Gnostic Teachings of the Matrix

The Gnostic Teachings of the Matrix

That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD’s. – Exodus 13:12

The Scripture tells us about a specific substance in the invisible realm that also creates the visible called the matrix. It is connected to the abyss and governed by the LORD.

Webster’s Dictionary describes it as a type of womb or cavity in which anything is formed, and which gives it shape; a die; a mold, as for the face of a type. The lifeless portion of tissue, either animal or vegetable, that is situated between the cells; the intercellular substance.

The Greek translation relates it to the word, koilia, which means belly or womb. From the word koilos, meaning hollow, a cavity, or the abdomen. The Phoenician Hebrew word used is rechem, which also means womb.

These ancient teachings were conceptualized in our modern world with the advent of the popular movie called “The Matrix.”

In the movie, one of the lead characters named Morpheus explains that everything about ‘normal’ life is replicated within the simulation called The Matrix. The ‘Birthing’ within the Matrix is a global program that mimics the conditions of childbirth.

For example, when a man and woman are having sex, the machine simply captures the sperm seed and uses it to impregnate another woman who gives birth to a baby she falsely thinks is her own. Once the baby is born, the machine takes tit away to be grown in a pod and is plugged into the Matrix and its consciousness is transferred into the simulation.

From Morpheus, Neo learns that he was “the mental projection of your digital self.” The “real” sensory world “is simply electrical signals interpreted by your brain.”

In ancient Greek mythology, Morpheus was the Greek god of dreams, whose name literally means “he who forms, fashioner or molder.” Morpheus has the ability to change his own shape and manipulate reality, as well as the power to bewitch other people’s minds with dreams and fantasies.

In the Matrix movie, we are introduced to The Oracle, who is an intermediary between God and man. Over the Oracles kitchen door, she asks Neo if he knows what the Latin phrase means, “Temet Nosce.” He says he doesn’t know and she explains to him that it means in English, “Know Thyself.”

People could ask the Oracle questions and they would often get an answer in a riddle format that would be interpreted by the priests of Delphi.

The Latin version of Know Thyself is taken from the more Ancient Greek saying “gnothi seauton” which was one of the Delphic maxims inscribed upon the Temple of Apollo at Delphi and came from Luxor Egypt, according to the Greek writer Pausanias.

The Gnostic concept of the Matrix can also be found in the teachings of the demiurge. Plato, writing in approximately 360 BC, is the first philosopher to bring forth the concept of the Demiurge (Matrix) which was derived from the “Platonic theory of creation out of primordial matter.”

In Timaeus, Plato continues the dialog as the character Timaeus with Socrates, in which he refers to the Demiurge as a benevolent entity who “fashioned and shaped” the material world which remains imperfect.

Plato’s cosmology of the “world-forming God” (Srjiuovpyos, demiurge) is the agent who takes the preexisting materials of chaos, arranges them intelligently according to the models of eternal forms, and produces all the physical things of the world, including human bodies formed or shaped out that which is not being, ie; space, “with regard to the Ideas.”

According to Timaeus, humans live on earth at the center of the cosmos, which he compares to one unique perfect cosmic organism, in whose image we have been created, and whose nature and destiny have been ordained by unseen forces from eternity.

Plato’s Demiurge became the foundation of the natural philosophical concept called Organicism, which views the universe and its parts as an organic living organism based on the Ancient Greek view that the world is orderly and alive.

The concept of Plato’s demiurge and the Matrix is also found in Scripture via the teachings of The LORD. The LORD is the Almighty One, governing all creatures, guiding all events, commanding all powers both heavenly and earthly, and ruling the whole history of humanity.

The LORD was also a supernatural force that worked through matter, animals, and even human bodies to become instruments or tools for God issuing punishments and rewards to people for their good or bad behaviors, often called sins. The “LORD of Hosts” can also make the earth melt, control people’s minds, make war, and bring devastation.

In Freemasonry, the Matrix, AKA the Demiurge is known as the “Great Architect of the Universe or G.A.O.T.U.” and the Masonic motto “ORDO AB CHAO,” meaning Order Out of Chaos.

Writing in the 16th century, the eminent German philosopher,  Jacob Boehme explains that here is still a deeper source of things than this inward spiritual World, which is after all a manifested and organized World. Boehme states that which is before beginnings — the unoriginated Mother of all Worlds and of All that is, visible and invisible.

This infinite Mother of all births, this eternal Matrix, he calls the Ungrund, “Abyss,” or the “Great Mystery,” or the “Eternal Stillness.”

A place that is beyond beginnings, beyond time, beyond “nature,” and we can say nothing in the language of reason that is true or adequate. The eternal divine Abyss has its own origin and explanation; it presupposes nothing but itself; there is nothing beyond it, nothing outside it — there is, in fact, no “beyond” and “outside” — it is “neither near nor far off.”

Boehme states that “The good or evil that men do, by acts of will, enters into and forms the soul and so molds its permanent habitation.” He says:

“We should take heed and beget that which is good out of ourselves.

If we make an angel of ourselves we are that; if we make a devil of ourselves, we are that.”

The History of Humans Created From Mud and Clay

The History of Humans Created From Mud and Clay

Many ancient historians, the Bible,  Koran (Quran), Greek myths, and even Chinese legends have claimed for thousands of years that all life came from the earth forming from the dust, mud, or clay. In the Abrahamic religions, Adam is said to have been made from clay that God molds into the shape of a man and then breathes life into him through his nostrils.

In the Scripture, we learn, “Then the LORD God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed the breath of life into his nostrils, and the man became a living being.” (Genesis 2:7) Genesis 13:16 describes how the LORD made Abrahams descendants of the dust – “I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth, so that if anyone can number the dust of the earth, then your descendants can also be numbered. “Arise, walk about the land through its length and breadth; for I will give it to you.”

The Koran describes how Allah molded Adam from clay: “We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape…” (15:26). And, “He began the creation of man from clay, and made his progeny from a quintessence of fluid” (32:7-8). This was not just any clay but an extract of clay that was sticky in nature as it is said, “We created man from an extract of clay,” (Quran 23:12) and “Then inquire of them: Is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay.” (Quran 37:11)

In researching this concept, the first story in history we find is that of Môt (Mut, Maut, Mu, Ma, Maat, Mud) who was an Ancient Phoenician/Hebrew creator god of the material world, earth, life, and death. From, Môt, all seeds creation were made including, microorganisms, animals, and intelligent life were made, and into Môt, they will all reach death in the circle of life.

The earliest writer to describe Môt was the Phoenician historian and a priest of Byblos (City of the Book/Bible), Sanchuniathon (Phoenician: 𐤎𐤊𐤍𐤉𐤕𐤍), whose works were later translated by Philo of Byblos into Greek. Sanchuniathon refers to a great wind which merged with its parents, and that connection was called ‘Desire’ (πόθος). From its connection, Môt or Mud was produced from the fermentation (putrefaction) of a watery mixture, and out of this came every germ of creation and the generation of the universe including animals and humans.

Sanchuniathon had said, “So there were certain animals which had no sensation, and out of them grew intelligent animals, and were called “Zophasemin”, that is “observers of heaven”; and they were formed like the shape of an egg. So also Môt burst forth into the light, and sun, and moon, and stars, and the great constellations.”

The Phoenicians had depicted the Egg of Môt as an egg encircled by a serpent, which was originally attributed to the mythical founder of the Orphic mysteries, Orpheus. It was a religion centered on the teachings of the origins of life, procreation, immortality, mortality, creativity, and wisdom.


The first emanation from this egg, described in an ancient hymn, was Phanes-Dionysus, the personification of light. In Greek myth, particularly Orphic thought, Phanes is the golden-winged hermaphroditic primordial being who was hatched from the silver shining cosmic Orphic Egg. Called Protogonos (First-Born) and Eros (Love) — being the seed of gods and men — Phanes means manifestor or revealer, and is related to the Greek words “light” and “to shine forth.”

An ancient Orphic hymn addresses the serpent thus: “Ineffable, hidden, brilliant scion, whose motion is whirring, you scattered the dark mist that lay before your eyes and, flapping your wings, you whirled about, and through this world, you brought pure light.” The Derveni Papyrus refers to Phanes as, “Of the First-born king, the reverend one; and upon him all the immortals grew, blessed gods and goddesses and rivers and lovely springs and everything else that had then been born; and he himself became the sole one”.

Manly P. Hall had said about the serpent and egg, “The ancient symbol of the Orphic Mysteries was the serpent-entwined egg, which signified Cosmos as encircled by the fiery Creative Spirit. The egg also represents the soul of the philosopher; the serpent, the Mysteries. At the time of initiation, the shell is broke and man emerges from the embryonic state of physical existence wherein he had remained through the fetal period of philosophic regeneration.” Albert Pike had said – “Among the Egyptians, the serpent was a symbol of Divine Wisdom; and, with its tail in its mouth (Ouroboros), of Eternity. In the ritual of Zoroaster, it was a symbol of the Universe.”

Today in Memphis Misraim Freemasonry, it is referred to as the Cosmic Egg or Egg of the World and our main symbol.

From the teachings of Sanchuniathon and the translation by Philo, we get the Hebrew Scripture (Old Testament) in which Môt was translated and corrupted into the myths of Behemôt/Behemôth. He is King of all animals, including man of the land, and is listed as the primeval chaos-monster created by God at the beginning of creation in the Book of Job and is a form of the primeval chaos-monster created by God at the beginning of creation.

The Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance lists Mot as meaning, “be carried, cast, be cast out of, befallen in decay, exceedingly, falling down.” The modern word for death in Spanish is Muerte, in Latin, it is mortem, or morte in Italian and in Portuguese and Romanian, it is moarte. The Arabic it is spelled maut, in Sanskrit Mahat (Sanskrit: महत्), and in Persian, it’s faut. From mot where we get the words like moth, motion, motive, motley, and of course, mold, molded, and mucus which all spring from Môt AKA putrefaction and mold.

As I have explained many times before, this history and the stories we read today have been changed and intentionally obscured over the last 2,500 years. These false stories created the great myths of our Age and countless mysteries doctored by various priesthoods that have been retold by countless authors cloaking the truth of our origins in an endless trail of darkness, lies, and absurdities. This age-old fact leaves most seasoned authors, veteran researchers, and even the modern priest class lost in a sea of chaos, further perpetuating false narratives of our so-called history.

According to Eusebius of Caesarea, Philo had divided the works of Sanchuniathon into nine books. In the introduction to the first book, he claims that Sanchuniathon had known the earliest history of all nations from the creation of the world and was closest to the truth.

Eusebius tells us that after opening his translation acknowledging the truth found in Sanchuniathon’s writings, he admonishes more recent authors as having invented allegories and myths by untruly reducing the legends into “invented allegories and myths, and formed a fictitious affinity to the cosmical phenomena, established mysteries, and overlaid them with a cloud of absurdity, so that one cannot easily discern what really occurred and “priests who followed in later times wished to hide this away again, and to restore the mythical character; from which time mysticism began to rise up, not having previously reached the Greeks.”

Philo then had said:

‘These things I have discovered in my anxious desire to know the history of the Phoenicians, and after a thorough investigation of much matter, not that which is found among the Greeks, for that is contradictory, and compiled by some in a contentious spirit rather than with a view to truth.’

Once Philo established in his preface that the true cosmological history of the world from the Phoenician was changed, corrupted, and overlain with a mythical cloud of absurdity, he starts the first chapter with the creation of the universe where he mentions Môt had generated the “first seeds of the universe” from which every germ and intelligent creature grew from Môt. Philo had written;

“The first principle of the universe he supposes to have been air dark with cloud and wind, or rather a blast of cloudy air, and a turbid chaos dark as Erebus; and these were boundless and for long ages had no limit. But when the wind, says he, became enamored of its own parents, and a mixture took place, that connexion was called Desire. This was the beginning of the creation of all things: but the wind itself had no knowledge of its own creation.

From its connexion, Mot was produced, which some say is mud, and others a putrescence of watery compound; and out of this came every germ of creation, and the generation of the universe. So there were certain animals which had no sensation, and out of them grew intelligent animals, and were called “Zophasemin,” that is “observers of heaven”; and they were formed like the shape of an egg. Also, Mot burst forth into the light, and sun, and moon, and stars, and the great constellations.”

In the Book of Job, we are told that Behemot is the beginning of the ways of God, and the strength is found in his loins and his force in the muscles of his belly;

“Behold now Behemoth, which I made like I made you; he eats grass like an ox. Behold now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the muscles of his belly. He stiffens his tail like a cedar; the sinews of his thighs are knit together. His bones are like tubes of bronze; his limbs are like bars of iron. He is the beginning of the ways of God; let him who made him bring near his sword to him. Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts of the field play. He lies under the thorny bushes, in the cover of the reed, and fens. The thorny bushes cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook surround him. Behold, he drinks up a river, and hastens not; he trusts that he can draw the Jordan up into his mouth. Shall any one take him with his eyes open? Or pierce through his nose with a snare?” (Job 40:15-24)

In Ancient Egypt, the god, Khnum (Chnubis, Knubis, Chnum, Knum, or Khnemu) was a creator god credited with giving birth to all life and the Gods of Egypt. He was Chief of the Potter’s wheel, father of fathers who makes women pregnant, was Lord of the air and the field.

In Egyptian mythology, he creates humans from clay, which he made at a potter’s wheel before placing them into their mother’s womb was one of the earliest Egyptian deities, originally the god of the source of the Nile. He was later described as having molded the other deities as the “Divine Potter” and “Lord of created things from himself” and the “father of the fathers” and Neith as the “mother of the mothers” who later become the parents of Ra, who is also referred to as Khnum-Re.

He was depicted as a ram-headed man.

Khnum was credited with molding the great cosmic egg and he is also associated with the goddess Maat (truth) and Thoth, the divine scribe.

Ancient Egyptian tomb relief of the ram-headed god Khnum, guardian of the source of the Nile.

The female Goddess of Justice and the Lower World, the Land of Ghosts was called Maat (Mot, Mout or Mut). She was often depicted with the vulture headdress and sometimes a Lion’s head. In legends, she is “The opener of the nostrils of the living.”

In Greek mythologyPrometheus created and molded men out of water and earth. Greek myths tell us the creation story of how Prometheus and Epimetheus were spared imprisonment in Tartarus and were given the task of creating man. Other myths related how Zeus directed Prometheus and Athena to make images of clay, on which he caused the winds to blow breathing life into the figures.

After the first humans were created, legend tells us that Prometheus had caused them to walk upright and have features similar to the Gods but realized they lacked the wisdom so he defied the will of Zeus by traveling to Mount Olympus and stole fire from the gods, which became the beginning of civilization. Prometheus had taught man how to craft tools from iron ore, to plant crops and live through agriculture, and to craft weapons to defend themselves from wild animals. With fire, the newly created man began to thrive becoming superior to the animals of the wild.

Zeus was outraged so he planned to punish Prometheus and mankind for their obstruction of the gods’ will by commanding Hephaestus, to create a beautiful woman named Pandora from a lump of clay bestowed with gifts like a pleasing voice and unmatched beauty by the gods.

“From her is the race of women and female kind:
of her is the deadly race and tribe of women who
live amongst mortal men to their great trouble,
no helpmates in hateful poverty, but only in wealth.”

The Greeks trace the word Môt to the creation of the material (mot-erial) world and mythicized in the legends of Mósos or Mothos and Tartarus. Homer had written in the Illiad, “You all to earth and water must return.” Writing at a later date, Apollonius says in his Argonautics ,“The earth’s produced from mud.”  Virgil had proclaimed, “Then earth began to harden, and include The seas within its bounds, and things to take Their proper forms.” (Eclogue vi)

According to Chinese mythology, Nüwa molded figures from the yellow earth, giving them life and the ability to bear children. In Zoroastrian mythology, the primordial human, Gayomart are created from mud by the supreme deity Ahura Mazda. In the Epic of GilgameshEnkidu is created by the goddess Aruru out of clay to be a partner for Gilgamesh, “mighty in strength”.

The Sanscrit version tells us of the first product of the mixture of spirit and matter, and the First Great principle is Mahat which is an incorporeal substance that contains all potential matter of the gross universe in its cosmic extent as the first manifest principle. In Arabic, Môt is written as madat, maddat, or madah, which means ‘matter’.

All cultures and histories list the woman or mother as the source of fertility and all life symbolizing the earth. This knowledge gives rise to the myths and stories of the deification of the earth with the various Gods and Goddesses who are also deities connected to the underworld such as the Earth Mother, Mother Nature, or Mother Earth who is the divine source of terrestrial life.

From the word Môt, we get the English words mother (moth-er), mom, and ma.

Khnum: The Creator God Molds Humans from Dust and Lord of the Air

Khnum: The Creator God Molds Humans from Dust and Lord of the Air

In Ancient Egypt, the god, Khnum (Chnubis, Knubis, Chnum, Knum, or Khnemu) was a creator god credited with giving birth to all life and the Gods of Egypt. He was Chief of the Potter’s wheel, father of fathers and the Gods who makes women pregnant, was Lord of the air and the field.

In Egyptian mythology, he creates humans from clay, which he made at a potter’s wheel before placing them into their mother’s womb was one of the earliest Egyptian deities, originally the god of the source of the Nile.

He was later described as having molded the other deities as the “Divine Potter” and “Lord of created things from himself” and the “father of the fathers” and Neith as the “mother of the mothers” who later become the parents of Ra, who is also referred to as Khnum-Re.

He was depicted as a ram-headed man who was credited with molding the great cosmic egg and he is also associated with the goddess Maat (truth) and Thoth, the divine scribe.

Ancient Egyptian tomb relief of the ram-headed god Khnum, guardian of the source of the Nile.

The female Goddess of Justice and the Lower World, the Land of Ghosts, was called Maat (Mot, Mout or Mut). She was often depicted with the vulture headdress and sometimes a Lion’s head. In legends, she is “The opener of the nostrils of the living.”

The Temple of Khnum, also known as the Temple of Esna, is a magnificent structure located approximately 485 miles south of modern Cairo that sits on the west bank of the Nile. It is built of red sandstone, with a grand portico composed of twenty-four columns decorated with unique lotus leaf details with distinctive Grecian and Roman styles.

The temple was unique to other Egyptian Templed because it was built approximately nine meters below ground level, and the part of the temple is buried underneath the modern town. As a result, the temple sits in a hollowed-out pit or valley, possibly due to its association with the underworld.

Inscriptions carved upon the temple walls tell us the attributes of this God, the sacred history surrounding his rule, and special instructions about the code of conduct expected from visitors entering the temple who were expected to be ritually pure by washing themselves and removing all body hair, cut finger, and toenails, and to have abstained from sexual relations for several days.

The temple was first started by the Egyptian King Tuthmosis III of the 18th Dynasty but was later finished by the Grecian Ptolemaic and Roman Emperors, from 40-250 A.D. It played a significant role in the late Egyptian Empire during the Greco and Roman rule, which various reliefs and inscriptions show us the Ptolemaic and Roman Emperors dressed in Pharaoh costumes, offering sacrifices to the God Khnum. The Roman Emperor Claudius had rebuilt and extended earlier buildings and was connected to the Nile by a quay built by Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (AD 161–180)

The back wall, to the northeast, constructed during the Ptolemaic period, features reliefs of two Ptolemaic pharaohs, with the earliest being mentioned is Ptolemy V, who is seen offering a libation by his son Ptolemy VII Euergetes (170–116 BC). Quite a few Roman emperors, including Domitian, Septimus Severus, Caracalla, and Geta, had their names etched near the hall’s rear gateway.

Roman Emperor Trajan, carried by six Priests, with jackal and hawk masks of the gods, adorn each room’s entrance, and on the roof, Emperor Trajan is seen dancing before the goddess Menhet. The northern wall shows Emperor Commodus catching fish in a papyrus thicket with the God Khnum, and at the foot of this representation is the last known hieroglyphic inscriptions ever recorded, completed by the Roman Emperor Dios in 250 A.D.

The columns were inscribed with ancient texts describing the religious rituals and hymns to the God Khnum, in which we learn about his various powers and attributes.

The first is a morning hymn to awaken Khnum in his shrine; the second is a beautiful ‘hymn of creation’ that acknowledges him as the creator of all, even foreigners:

 ‘All are formed on his potter’s wheel, their speech different in every region, but the lord of the wheel is their father too.’

The temple gained international attention when the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte had conquered Egypt in 1798 when he brought along an ‘army’ of scholars to study Egypt’s ancient secrets and history. As a result, Bonaparte created The Institut d’Égypte or Egyptian Scientific Institute, which is a learned society in Cairo specializing in Egyptology whose mission was “progress and the propagation of the Enlightenment in Egypt.”

The excavation of the Temple of Khnum was spearheaded by the French Egyptologist Serge Sauneron (1927-1976), who published his research and the transcription of the inscriptions in full. Here are a couple of hymns to Khnum showing us how important he was as the main God and Father of all depicted on Esna Column 15 (353-363).

The Ba of Re,
who came about in the beginning,
he rejoices to see him
every day.

He makes for him a property deed
in his name,
its limits are all eternity.

Khnum-Re Lord of the Field.

father of fathers,
who begat gods, people,
and likewise all animals.

Their faces are turned back
to the place where (he) is,
beseeching their lives from him.

Khnum-Re Lord of Esna.

The praises
for this august god:

O he who sits upon his serekh,
populating every place.

O he who goes around the two lands in life
to enliven those who are within them.

O Chief of the Potter’s Wheel,
who builds as he desires.

O lord of air,
who endows life to those whom he created.

O ejaculating bull,
who makes semen into/from bones.

O he who makes women pregnant
through that which he did.

O beneficent father,
who binds together the excellent seed.

O he who forms gods, men,
and all animals
upon his potter’s wheel.

O he who built the Lord
in order to guide the two lands.

O he who created the papyrus stalk
for the goddess who is with him.

O he he distinguished whomever he desires inside wombs.

O he who creates the egg
in accordance with his mind.

O he who enlivens babies with his breath.

O he ruptures the amniotic sac at its time.

O he helps nourish what he made
inside all wombs.

O he who acts as King of the Gods (Amun)
and whose manifestation builds on the wheel.

O he who makes a path
for the not-yet-breathing in his form.

[O he who allows nos]trils [to breathe] with air.

[O he] who endows the body with life.

O he whose rewards are building and enlivening.

Kronus: The God of Death Within Our Bowels and the Earth’s Magnetic Biosphere

Kronus: The God of Death Within Our Bowels and the Earth’s Magnetic Biosphere

In Greek mythology, Kronus (Cronus or Kronos) was the Lord of Justice, Evil, and the Harvest, and in Rome, he was allegorically called Saturn. He was the leader of the first generation of the Titans who overthrew his father, Ouranos Our-anus, and ruled during the mythological Golden Age.

Yes. it is like that!

To prevent any of his sons or daughters from ruling in his stead, he had a habit of “eating them.”

The first source in history to give us the origins of this myth is the Phoenician historian and a priest of Byblos, Sanchuniathon (Phoenician: 𐤎𐤊𐤍𐤉𐤕𐤍) who tells us Môt means Death but also represents Kronus. He says some people call it by the name Ilus (Mud), which is described as a “putrefaction of a watery mixture,” from this sprung all the seed of the creation and the generation of the universe. Sanchuniathon also explains that this Môt AKA Ilus (Mud) ‘s name is also Kronus, whose father is Our-anus, situated in the middle of the earth. He had written;

“In the thirty-second year of his power and reign, Ilus, who is Kronus, having laid an ambuscade for his father Ouranus in a certain place situated in the middle of the earth, when he had got him into his hands dismembered him over against the fountains and rivers. There Ouranus was consecrated, and his spirit was separated, and the blood of his parts flowed into the fountains and the waters of the rivers; and the place, which was the scene of this transaction, is shewed even to this day.”

The history from Sanchuniathon can be verified in the Hebrew (Phoenician) Scripture, Môt (Maweth, Mot, Mavet(h) means Death and is sometimes personified as a devil or angel of Death (e.g., Habakkuk 2:5; Job 18:13). In both the Book of Hosea and the Book of Jeremiah, Maweth/Mot is mentioned as a deity to whom Yahweh can turn over Judah as punishment for worshiping other gods. Philo of Byblos described môt (Muth), as the equivalent of both Thanatos (Death personified) and Pluto.

We learn from Plato that he bounds his victims in his famous chains that are inescapable.

“[Has] Kronos (Cronus) bound them with his famous chains?” His chains are inescapable. (Plato, Cratylus 403e)
Where does he keep these people in chains?

Hesiod says that Kronos and the Titans live under Tartarus; “The Titanes under Tartaros (Tartarus) who live with Kronos (Cronus).” (Hesiod, Theogony 820)

Homer also writes in the Ilias that Tartarus binds them; “The undermost limits of earth and sea, where Iapetos and Kronos seated have no shining of the sun-god Hyperion to delight them nor winds’ delight, but Tartaros stands deeply about them.” (Iliad 8. 479)

Tartarus in Greek mythology is the deep abyss and a type of underground dungeon of torment and suffering for the wicked and as the prison for the Titans and, in later myths, for mortals who committed unforgivable sins. According to the Greek poets, Homer and Hesiod, Tartarus is a type of spherical force that reaches the great cosmic pit beneath the earth. It is located “as far beneath the house of Hades as from earth the sky lies, and he is both a deity (god or force) and a place in the underworld.”

Hesiod (c. 700 BCE) depicts it as Misty Tartarus’, stating that it was “as far below the earth as heaven is from the earth” (722-25). He describes Tartarus “as a vast chasm, both dismal and dank and a place of decay,” and states, “Tartarus is one of the first beings to have emerged at the creation of the universe and was the opposite of Gaia (Earth).” Hesiod said it is the unfruitful sea (pontos) where there are shining gates and an immoveable threshold of bronze having unending roots, and it is grown of itself.”

In the Orphic cosmogony, Kronus was the incorporeal and primordial god of time who emerged self-formed at the dawn of creation. He was often depicted in serpentine form, with three heads–a man, a bull, and a lion. His consort, the serpentine goddess Ananke (Inevitability), enveloped the primordial world-egg in their coils and split it apart to form the ordered universe of earth, sea, and sky. After this act of creation, the couple circled the cosmos driving the rotation of heaven and the eternal passage of time.

In the Orphic theogonies from the 2nd Century B.C., genealogical works similar to the Theogony of Sanchuniathon and Hesiod details the beginning of this myth concealing this science;

“Originally there was Hydros (Water), he [Orpheus] says, and Mud, from which Ge (Gaea, the Earth) solidified : he posits these two as first principles, water and earth . . . The one before the two [Thesis, Creation], however, he leaves unexpressed, his very silence being anintimation of its ineffable nature.

The third principle [Khronos (Chronos), Time] after the two was engendered by these–Ge (Earth) and Hydros (Water), that is–and was a Serpent (Drakon) with extra heads growing upon it of a bull and a lion, and a god’s countenance in the middle; it had wings upon its shoulders, and its name was Khronos (Chronos, Unaging Time) and also Herakles (Heracles). United with it was Ananke (Inevitability, Compulsion), being of the same nature, or Adrastea, incorporeal, her arms extended throughout the universe and touching its extremities.” (Orphica, Theogonies Fragment 54 from Damascius C3rd – C2nd B.C.)

Orphica, Rhapsodies Fragment 66 :

“This Khronos (Chronos, Unaging Time), of immortal resource, begot Aither (Aether, Light) [upper air] and great Khaos (Chaos, the Chasm) [lower air], vast this way and that, no limit below it, no base, no place to settle. Then great Khronos fashioned from (or in) divine Aither (Aether) a bright white egg [from which Phanes was born].”

Orphica, Epicuras Fragment (from Epiphanius);

“And he [Epicurus] says that the world began in the likeness of an egg, and the Wind [the entwined forms of Khronos (Chronos, Time) and Ananke (Inevitability)] encircling the egg serpent-fashion like a wreath or a belt then began to constrict nature.

As it tried to squeeze all the matter with greater force, it divided the world into the two hemispheres, and after that, the atoms sorted themselves out, the lighter and finer ones in the universe floating above and becoming the Bright Air [Aither (Aether)] and the most rarefied Wind [probably Khaos (Chaos, Air)], while the heaviest and dirtiest have veered down, become the Earth (Ge) [Gaia], both the dry land and the fluid waters [Pontos the Sea]. And the atoms move by themselves and through themselves within the revolution of the Sky and the Stars, everything still being driven round by the serpentiform wind [of Khronos and Ananke].”

As it relates to the humans, Hesiod, said the Kronus was the youngest son of Rhea and the most terrible of all her children;

“She [Gaia, Earth] lay with Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus) and Krios (Crius) and Hyperion and Iapetos (Iapetus), Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe (Phoebe) and lovely Tethys. After them was born Kronos (Cronus) the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children, and he hated his lusty sire . . .

And he [Ouranos] used to hide them all [Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires) and Kyklopes (Cyclopes), brothers of the Titanes] away in a secret place of Earth (Gaia) so soon as each was born, and would not suffer them to come up into the light: and Ouranos (Sky) rejoiced in his evil doing. But vast Gaia (Earth) groaned within, being straitened, and she made the element of grey flint and shaped a great sickle, and told her plan to her dear sons [the six Titanes].

And she spoke, cheering them, while she was vexed in her dear heart: ‘My children, gotten of a sinful father, if you will obey me, we should punish the vile outrage of your father; for he first thought of doing shameful things.’ So she said, but fear seized them all, and none of them uttered a word. But great Kronos the wily took courage and answered his dear mother: ‘Mother, I will undertake to do this deed.’

So he said: and vast Gaia (Earth) rejoiced greatly in spirit, and set and hid him in an ambush, and put in his hands a jagged sickle, and revealed to him the whole plot.” (Theogony 133 ff -trans. Evelyn-White) :

Ovid tells us about the human anatomical nature in Fasti that Kronus eats his children, and then they become “entombed in his bowels,” and then a mysterious stone in the form of Zeus gets lodged in what Ovid calls a gullet, which means his esophagus. He had written;

“Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)] received this oracle: ‘Best of kings, you shall be knocked from power by a son.’ Jabbed by fear, he devours his offspring as they are born and entombs them in his bowels. Rhea often complained of much pregnancy and no motherhood and mourned her fertility.

The story of Cronus eating his children and his name also being Mot AKA Ilus (Mud) ‘s, which is a “putrefaction of a watery mixture,” whose father is Our-anus situated in the middle of the earth is interpreted by some people like me as an allegory to a specific aspect of time held within Cronus’ sphere of influence.

This sphere, I contend, deals with an ancient science that connects Kronus via the earth’s magnetic biosphere, as I explained in my essay, Human Magnetoreception: The Science of the Noosphere vs. the Animal Sphere to our Stomachs or Gi Tracts, which science has proved is our second brain – The Realm of Kronus. In Christianity, this is the devil’s lair, and Satan is chief of his legions of Demons, i.e., human beasts, which the Hebrews called Behemoths. It is Carl Jung’s collective unconscious.

As we learn from Apollonius Rhodius;

“A number of creatures whose ill-assorted limbs declared them to be neither man nor beast had gathered round her [Kirke (Circe) the witch] like a great flock of sheep following their shepherd from the fold, Nondescript monsters such as these, fitted with miscellaneous limbs, were once produced spontaneously by Ge (Gaea, the Earth) out of the primeval mud, when she had not yet solidified under a rainless sky and was deriving no moisture from the blazing sun. But Khronos (Chronos, Time), combining this with that, brought the animal creation into order.” (Argonautica 4. 673 ff trans. Rieu C3rd B.C.)

I believe that it can be considered as a type of animal mind or, Biblically speaking, the mind of the flesh i.e., Sarka that is connected to this “putrefaction of a watery mixture,” AKA fungi/molds whose sphere of influence via their endless mycelium (chains, fetters) and spores (seeds) is within Tartarus or within the earth underneath our feet.

As I have explained in many numerous essays, molds/fungi have been scientifically proven to cause illness, disease often from working within our bowels and also mental psychopathologies, which can influence our thoughts in a bad way, which may explain Cronus’ violent nature and without hesitation, he eats his children. He is often depicted holding a sickle or ravaging some human while still alive.

As Ovid relates, Kronus, with his anger stirs the mighty Titans who are imprisoned in a “black grove with a triple wall,” which would be a depiction of the molds/fungi’s legislating abilities of humankind. Ovid had written;

“Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)] was thrust from his realm by Jove [Zeus]. In anger he stirs the mighty Titanes to arms and seeks the assistance owed by fate. There was a shocking monster born of Mother Terra (Earth) [Gaia], a bull, whose back half was a serpent. Roaring Styx [as an ally of Zeus] imprisoned it, warned by the three Parcae [Moirai, Fates], in a black grove with a triple wall.

Whoever fed the bull’s guts to consuming flames was destined to defeat the eternal gods. Briareus [or Aigaion, an ally of Kronos] slays it with an adamantine axe and prepares to feed the flames its innards [and so ensure the victory of the Titanes]. Jupiter [Zeus] commands the birds to grab them; the kite brought them to him and reached the stars on merit.”

The rule of Kronus is not indefinite. In the Greek Myths, we learn that he rules a “space in time” and is eventually conquered and bound by Zeus or Jove.

The Roman rhetorician C1st B.C., Cicero had written;

“Another theory also, and that a scientific one, has been the source of a number of deities, who clad in human form have furnished the poets with legends and have filled man’s life with superstitions of all sorts. This subject was handled by Zeno and was later explained more fully by Cleanthes and Chrysippus. For example, an ancient belief prevailed throughout Greece that Caelus (the Sky) [Ouranos (Uranus)] was mutilated by his son Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)], and Saturnus himself thrown into bondage by his son Jove [Zeus]: now these immoral fables enshrined a decidedly clever scientific theory.

Their meaning was that the highest element of celestial ether or fire [Ouranos the Sky], which by itself generates all things, is devoid of that bodily part which required union with another for the work of procreation. By Saturnus [Kronos] again they denoted that being who maintains the course and revolution of the seasons and periods of time, the deity so designated in Greek, for Saturnus’ Greek name is Kronos (Cronus), which is the same as khronos, a space of time.

The Latin designation ‘Saturnus’ on the other hand is due to the fact that he is ‘saturated’ or ‘satiated with years’ (anni); the fable is that he was in the habit of devouring his sons–meaning that Time devours the ages and gorges himself insatiably with the years that are past. Saturnus is bound by Jove [Zeus] in order that Time’s courses might not be unlimited, and that Jove might fetter him by the bonds of the stars.” (Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. 24 – trans. Rackham) 

As the Greek Myths tell us, He was married to the “Goddess of the earth,” Rhea, by whom he became the father of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Cheiron is also called a son of Kronus. (Hesiod. Theog. 137, 452, &c.; Apollod. i. 1. § 3, &c.) At the instigation of his mother, Cronus unmanned his father for having thrown the Cyclopes, who were likewise his children by Ge, into Tartarus. Out of the bloodshed sprang up the Erinyes. When the Cyclopes were delivered from Tartarus, the government of the world was taken from Uranus and given to Cronus, who in his turn lost it through Zeus.

After Rhea secretly gave birth to Zeus in Crete, to prevent Kronus from eating the infant, she handed Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes, also known as the Omphalos Stone, which he swallowed, thinking that it was his son, Zeus.

Once Zeus had grown up, he forced his father Kronus into puking out their children (Poseidon, Hera, Hades,etc.) and Zeus declared war on Kronos. He was said to have made him regurgitate the contents of his stomach in reverse order: first, the stone, which was set down at Pytho under the glens of Mount Parnassus to be a sign to mortal men, and then his two brothers and three sisters.”

The Titans were conquered by Zeus and cast into the pit of Tartarus reversing the shift in cosmological terms from being holders of heaven to bearers of the entire cosmos. According to Pindar and Aeschylus, the Titans were eventually released from the pit through the clemency of Zeus.

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